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Cellular disintegrins are a family of membrane-anchored proteins with structural homology to snake venom metalloproteases and disintegrins. We report here the cDNA cloning and initial biochemical characterization of the first cellular disintegrin protein with an RGD sequence in its disintegrin domain, which we propose to name metargidin (for(More)
  • L G Lum
  • 1990
The donor-derived immune system that forms after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) takes as long as 2 years to develop in healthy BMT recipients. Soon after BMT, GVHD and its treatment increase the susceptibility of the recipient to overwhelming infections, and they retard the development of the immune system. The new system develops from a primitive state(More)
Important considerations for T lymphocyte-based gene therapy include efficient gene delivery and expression in primary, human T cells. In this study, retrovirus-mediated gene transfer and the fate of proviral gene expression were evaluated in human T cells activated using (1) immobilized anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (MAb) plus interleukin 2, or (2) cis(More)
Over decades, cancer treatment has been mainly focused on targeting cancer cells and not much attention to host tumor microenvironment. Recent advances suggest that the tumor microenvironment requires in-depth investigation for understanding the interactions between tumor cell biology and immunobiology in order to optimize therapeutic approaches. Tumor(More)
Three patients had leukocytosis of large granular lymphocytes and chronic neutropenia. Clonal chromosomal abnormalities (trisomy 8 and trisomy 14) and lymphocytic infiltration of splenic red pulp, hepatic sinusoids, and bone marrow indicated the neoplastic nature of the large granular lymphocytes. Demonstration of a T3+, T8+, HNK-1 + phenotype and low(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related activation-induced cytokine (TRANCE), a member of the TNF family, is a dendritic cell survival factor and is essential for osteoclastogenesis and osteoclast activation. In this report we demonstrate (i) that TRANCE, like TNF-alpha, is made as a membrane-anchored precursor, which is released from the plasma membrane by a(More)
ADAM15 (named for a disintegrin and metalloprotease 15, metargidin) is a membrane-anchored glycoprotein that has been implicated in cell-cell or cell-matrix interactions and in the proteolysis of molecules on the cell surface or extracellular matrix. To characterize the potential roles of ADAM15 during development and in adult mice, we analyzed its(More)
Here we report the cloning and initial biochemical characterization of the mouse metalloprotease/disintegrin/cysteine-rich (MDC) protein meltrin beta and the analysis of the mRNA expression of four MDC genes (meltrin alpha, meltrin beta, mdc9, and mdc15) in bone cells, including osteoclasts and osteoblasts. Like most other MDC proteins, the predicted(More)
Vaccinations are often unsuccessful in preventing infection among elderly populations because of generally poor humoral immune responses. We have used tetanus toxoid (TT) antigen to stimulate in vitro anti-tetanus toxoid antibody (anti-TT) synthesis and have found that lymphocytes from many healthy elderly individuals have a reduced production of anti-TT in(More)
A prospective comparative trial of allogeneic versus autologous bone marrow transplant (BMT) was conducted. Sixty-six consecutive patients (median age, 41; range, 15 to 60; female:male ratio = 21:45) entered this clinical trial. Priority for allogeneic BMT was given to patients who were 55 or younger and had a major histocompatibility complex-matched or(More)