Lawrence F Courtney

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VX-950 is a potent, selective, peptidomimetic inhibitor of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3-4A serine protease, and it demonstrated excellent antiviral activity both in genotype 1b HCV replicon cells (50% inhibitory concentration [IC50] = 354 nM) and in human fetal hepatocytes infected with genotype 1a HCV-positive patient sera (IC50 = 280 nM). VX-950 forms(More)
During nearly a decade of research dedicated to the study of sphingosine signaling pathways, we identified sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase (S1PL) as a drug target for the treatment of autoimmune disorders. S1PL catalyzes the irreversible decomposition of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) by a retro-aldol fragmentation that yields hexadecanaldehyde and(More)
The discovery of a pyrrolopyrimidine class of LIM-kinase 2 (LIMK2) inhibitors is reported. These LIMK2 inhibitors show good potency in enzymatic and cellular assays and good selectivity against ROCK. After topical dosing to the eye in a steroid induced mouse model of ocular hypertension, the compounds reduce intraocular pressure to baseline levels. The(More)
Tetrapeptide-based peptidomimetic compounds have been shown to effectively inhibit the hepatitis C virus NS3.4A protease without the need of a charged functionality. An aldehyde is used as a prototype reversible electrophilic warhead. The SAR of the P1 and P2 inhibitor positions is discussed.
Glycinamide ribonucleotide (GAR) transformylase from HeLa cells has been purified 200-fold to apparent homogeneity with a procedure using two affinity resins. The activities glycinamide ribonucleotide synthetase and aminoimidazole ribonucleotide synthetase were found to copurify with GAR transformylase. Glycinamide ribonucleotide synthetase and GAR(More)
We recently described the identification of an optimized alpha-ketoamide warhead for our series of HCV NS3.4A inhibitors. We report herein a series of HCV protease inhibitors incorporating 3-alkyl-substituted prolines in P(2). These compounds show exceptional enzymatic and cellular potency given their relatively small size. The marked enhancement of(More)
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