Lawrence F Colwell

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Bacterial infection remains a serious threat to human lives because of emerging resistance to existing antibiotics. Although the scientific community has avidly pursued the discovery of new antibiotics that interact with new targets, these efforts have met with limited success since the early 1960s. Here we report the discovery of platensimycin, a(More)
The urgent need for efficacious drugs to treat chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection requires a concerted effort to develop inhibitors specific for virally encoded enzymes. We demonstrate that 2'-C-methyl ribonucleosides are efficient chain-terminating inhibitors of HCV genome replication. Characterization of drug-resistant HCV replicons defined a(More)
Routine screening for human PPAR ligands yielded compounds 1 and 2, both of which were sub-micromolar hPPARgamma agonists. Synthetic modifications of these leads led to a series of potent substituted 3-benzyl-2-methyl indoles, a subset of which were noted to be selective PPARgamma modulators (SPPARgammaMs). SPPARgammaM 24 displayed robust anti-diabetic(More)
The 3-pyridylethanolamine L-757,793 is a potent beta 3 AR agonist (EC50 6.3 nM, 70% activation) with 1,300- and 500-fold selectivity over binding to the beta 1 and beta 2 ARs, respectively. L-757,793 stimulated lipolysis in rhesus monkeys (ED50 0.2 mg/kg) with a maximum response equivalent to that elicited by isoproterenol.
A series of estrogen receptor ligands based on a dihydrobenzoxathiin scaffold is described and evaluated for estrogen/anti-estrogen activity in both in vitro and in vivo models. The most active analogue, 22, was found to be 40-fold ERalpha selective in a competitive binding assay, and 22 demonstrated very potent in vivo antagonism of estradiol driven(More)
L-770,644 (9c) is a potent and selective agonist of the human beta3 adrenergic receptor (EC50 = 13 nM). It shows good oral bioavailability in both dogs and rats (%F = 27), and is a full agonist for glycerolemia in the rhesus monkey (ED50 = 0.21 mg/kg). Based on its desirable in vitro and in vivo properties, L-770,644 was chosen for further preclinical(More)
As part of our investigation into the development of orally bioavailable beta(3) adrenergic receptor agonists, we have identified a series of pyridylethanolamine analogues possessing a substituted thiazole benzenesulfonamide pharmacophore that are potent human beta(3) agonists with excellent selectivity against other human beta receptor subtypes. Several of(More)
Incorporation of a fluorophenyl beta-amino amide moiety into piperazine screening lead 2 has resulted in the discovery of a structurally novel series of potent and selective DP-IV inhibitors. Simplification of the molecule and incorporation of multiple fluorine atoms on the phenyl ring has provided low molecular weight analogs such as compound 32, which is(More)
The discovery, synthesis, and SAR of chromanes as ER alpha subtype selective ligands are described. X-ray studies revealed that the origin of the ER alpha-selectivity resulted from a C-4 trans methyl substitution to the cis-2,3-diphenyl-chromane platform. Selected compounds from this class demonstrated very potent in vivo antagonism of estradiol in an(More)
A series of metabolically robust N-benzyl-indole selective PPARgamma modulators with either a 3-benzoyl or 3-benzisoxazoyl moiety have been identified. In vitro, these compounds are partial agonists and exhibit reduced adipogenesis in human adipocytes. In vivo, these SPPARgammaMs result in potent glucose lowering in db/db mice and attenuate increases in(More)