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Tropane alkaloids are valuable pharmaceutical drugs derived from solanaceous plants such as Hyoscyamus niger (black henbane). The biosynthesis of these molecules, including the nature of the enigmatic rearrangement of (R)-littorine to (S)-hyoscyamine, is not completely understood. To test the hypothesis that a cytochrome P450 enzyme is involved in this(More)
Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells divide by medial fission. One class of cell division mutants (cdc), the late septation mutants, defines four genes: cdc3, cdc4, cdc8, and cdc12 (Nurse, P., P. Thuriaux, and K. Nasmyth. 1976. Mol. & Gen. Genet. 146:167-178). We have cloned and characterized the cdc4 gene and show that the predicted gene product. Cdc4p, is a(More)
We have used an in vivo selection approach to isolate a gene encoding a bifunctional fusion peptide between Escherichia coli beta-glucuronidase (GUS) and neomycin phosphotransferase II (NPT-II) from transposon Tn5 in the NH2-GUS::NPT-II-COOH configuration. The fused gene is predicted to encode a fusion peptide 885 amino acids long, and was shown in E. coli(More)
Elicitor-induced sanguinarine accumulation in opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) cell cultures provides a responsive model system to profile modulations in gene transcripts and metabolites related to alkaloid biosynthesis. An annotated expressed sequence tag (EST) database was assembled from 10,224 random clones isolated from an elicitor-treated opium poppy(More)
Despite the extensive study of yeast 2 microns plasmid, the exact function of plasmid-encoded RAF gene is not clear. Variants of 2 microns plasmids from industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts were isolated and characterized. Sequencing of RAF alleles revealed about 8% nucleotide and 10% amino acid diversities between 2 microns variants of closely(More)
2 microns DNA isolated from industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts exhibited extensive restriction fragment length polymorphisms. At least five 2 microns species were identified from eleven [cir+] strains. Southern hybridization mapped restriction fragment length polymorphisms at STB, a cis-acting locus essential for plasmid partitioning. Some 2 microns(More)
A murine adenosine deaminase (ADA) gene, driven by the maize ubi-1 promoter and intron region, was transformed into embryogenic maize callus, along with a bar and gusA gene-containing plasmid, using microparticle bombardment. Selection in the presence of either the herbicide Basta or the adenosine analogue 2'-deoxyadenosine resulted in transgenic cultures(More)
A highly efficient and convenient method for the Agrobacterium rhizogenes-dependent production of transformed roots of Saponaria vaccaria L. (Caryophyllaceae) is described. The parameters tested and optimized include S. vaccaria cultivar, explant type, Agrobacterium rhizogenes strain and culture conditions. For cotransformation using additional recombinant(More)