Lawrence E. Leguire

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Utilizing a high intensity photographic flash unit, electroretinograms were recorded from normal adults under fully light adapted conditions over a 5 log unit range of stimulus luminance (-1.35 to 3.34 log cd-s/m2). At lower luminance levels b-wave amplitude increased with increased luminance until it reached a maximum (Vmax of the Naka-Rushton equation) in(More)
The negative afterimage from grating can be considered equivalent to a renal grating, the contrast of which decreases over time. The interval between the onset of the afterimage and the time at which the effective contrast of the afterimage falls below threshold defines afterimage duration. In a series of experiments with several predictions based on this(More)
PURPOSE This study investigates interocular differences in the level and extent of cortical activation in amblyopic and normal subjects. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Blood oxygenation level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) was performed at 1.5 T. A total of 5 subjects with amblyopia and 6 control subjectswere recruited. Visual stimuli(More)
Pattern visual-evoked response binocular summation (VERBS) was recorded in normal infants, between the ages of 1-58 months, and in similar-aged esotropic infants before and at various times after corrective surgery. The normal subjects had no significant VERBS at 1.5 months of age, developed a rapid acceleration of VERBS between 1.5-3 months, and then(More)
Dark-adapted and light-adapted electroretinogaphic luninance-response functions were recorded from subjects with light or dark fundus pigmentation based on digitized fundus photographs. For dark- and light-adapted electroretinograms, subjects with dark fundi had smaller b-wave amplitudes at all luminance levels. There was no significant difference in b-wave(More)
When acuity was used to evaluate amblyopia in children, the amblyopic eye had decreased acuity and the nonamblyopic eye had normal acuity. However when Contrast Sensitivity Functions (CSFs) were used to evaluate amblyopia, losses in the CSF were discovered in both the amblyopic and the nonamblyopic eyes. During the course of occlusion therapy, the amblyopic(More)
In a prospective study of 505 hearing impaired and deaf students conducted at Children's Hospital Eye Clinic, 48.7% were found to have significant ocular abnormalities. The prevalence of myopia, astigmatism, and pathological intraocular changes was found to be significantly increased over the general population. In addition, the prevalence of ocular(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of two low doses of levodopa/carbidopa (25/6.25 mg, 50/12.5 mg) and placebo (Tums) in 20 children with amblyopia between the ages of 4 and 14 years. METHODS A double-masked placebo-controlled randomized 8-hour study was performed during which subjects received one of two doses of levodopa/carbidopa or(More)
To determine the tolerability and efficacy of levodopa/carbidopa combined with occlusion therapy for childhood amblyopia, a double-masked placebo-controlled randomized longitudinal study was performed on 10 amblyopic children between 6 and 14 years of age. Subjects received, on average, 20/5 mg levodopa/carbidopa or 20 mg of placebo three times per day(More)
Contrast sensitivity functions were measured with five light filters and without a filter, in the presence of a glare source, in 12 retinal degeneration subjects and 9 normal subjects. The light filters included yellow-tinted, CPF 527, NoIR 111, 0.6 neutral density and sunglasses with a 95% UV filter. Retinal degeneration subjects showed a mild improvement(More)