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Wind is an important vector in the dispersal of microorganisms to new habitats. However, wind dispersal is generally assumed to be random or logarithmically related to distance. We assessed the wind dispersal and subsequent establishment of an important group of plant symbionts, VA mycorrhizal fungi, across a 74 Ha recontoured surface mine. Winds were(More)
For many natural and agricultural landscapes, vegetation partially covers the ground surface, resulting in significant variations in soil heat flux between interspace areas and underneath vegetation. This is particularly apparent in arid and semiarid regions where vegetation cover is low and clustered or ‘clumped’ with large areas of exposed soil. Surface(More)
Since the winter of 2013-2014, California has experienced its most severe drought in recorded history, causing statewide water stress, severe economic loss and an extraordinary increase in wildfires. Identifying the effects of global warming on regional water cycle extremes, such as the ongoing drought in California, remains a challenge. Here we analyse(More)
Article history: Available online xxxx Keywords: Surface renewal Flux variance Advection Cotton heat flux Irrigated cotton BEAREX08 a b s t r a c t Estimation of surface energy fluxes over irrigated agriculture is needed to monitor crop water use. Measurements are commonly done using well-established techniques such as eddy covariance (EC) and weighing(More)
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