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Fructose, zinc, and prolactin determinations were performed on the seminal plasma of normospermic (n = 30), oligospermic (n = 30), and azoospermic (n = 30) men to determine whether there was a correlation between any of these substances and seminal quality. None of these azoospermic men had congenital bilateral absence of the vasa, but in a separate group(More)
Polyzoospermia is a rare cause of male infertility. In our clinical practice, patients with exceedingly high sperm counts (ranging from 650 million/ml to 1.75 billion/ml) have invariably been found to have associated poor sperm motility and poor sperm migration in postcoital tests, although the sperm appear morphologically normal. Cases of two infertile(More)
Over a ten-year period, surgical correction of varicocele was performed on 504 selected subfertile men. They were followed up for at least one year after surgery. Semen quality was improved in 71% and 55% of the wives became pregnant. Statistically, the results were better in terms of semen quality improvement and pregnancy for patients who had preoperative(More)
Current literature dealing with sperm motility is reviewed. Laboratory observation has led to the hypothesis that the sperm tail moves when the microtubules, powered by adenosine triphosphate (ATP), slide past one another, moving by means of their dynein arms, which are actual molecules of ATP activity. This sliding microtubule hypothesis is considered to(More)
The effect of relaxin, a peptide hormone present in seminal plasma, on the penetration of cervical mucus by washed human sperm in vitro was studied. Penetration was analyzed by two methods. The total number of sperm per 100 X field at the 10-mm, 20-mm, and 30-mm points along a mucus-filled capillary tube was counted and the farthest distance 100 sperm and 5(More)
Caffeine (1, 3, 7-trimethyl-2, 6-dioxypurine), a cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase inhibitor, increased the motility of ejaculated human spermatozoa. Both the percent motility and the grade of forward progression were significantly increased (P smaller than 0.001) and maintained in the presence of 6 mM of caffeine for up to five hours at 37 C. Increases(More)