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A novel magnetic resonance imaging technique provides direct imaging of motion by spatially modulating the degree of magnetization prior to imaging. The preimaging pulse sequence consists of a radio-frequency (RF) pulse to produce transverse magnetization, a magnetic field gradient to "wrap" the phase along the direction of the gradient, and a second RF(More)
Magnetic resonance tissue tagging allows noninvasive in vivo measurement of soft tissue deformation. Planes of magnetic saturation are created, orthogonal to the imaging plane, which form dark lines (stripes) in the image. The authors describe a method for tracking stripe motion in the image plane, and show how this information can be incorporated into a(More)
A previously reported method of using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to study heart wall motion involves a pair of nonselective radio-frequency (RF) pulses, separated by a magnetic field gradient pulse, prior to imaging; this produces images with a regular pattern of stripes that move with the heart wall and that have a sinusoidal intensity profile. It is(More)
STUDY DESIGN In vivo, quasi-static distortion of the human cervical spinal cord was measured in five volunteers during flexion of the neck using a motion-tracking magnetic resonance imaging technique. OBJECTIVES To measure cord distortion and movement in living subjects. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA In situ spinal cord measurements in human and rhesus(More)
Although higher magnetic field strength is a means to increase SNR in MRI, cardiac imaging has been difficult at high fields due to decreased RF penetration. Using a tailored cardiac coil constructed of two transmit surface coils with a four-element multicoil for signal reception, the authors demonstrate high-quality heart images acquired on a 4-T scanner.(More)
A five-parameter modified logistic equation is presented that describes the signal enhancement in magnetic resonance dynamic contrast enhanced imaging (MRI-DCE). In this heuristic model, P(1) approximates the baseline signal, P(2) is related to the magnitude of the peak signal enhancement, P(3) is the approximate time of the maximum rate of increase of(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of our study was to predict response to chemoradiation therapy in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) by combined use of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and high-spatial-resolution, high-temporal-resolution dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) parameters from primary tumors and metastatic nodes. SUBJECTS(More)
In studies of transmural myocardial function, acquisitions of high spatial and temporal resolution tagged cardiac images often exceed the practical time limit for breath-hold fast imaging techniques. Therefore, a dual cardiac-respiratory gating device has been constructed to acquire SPAMM-tagged cardiac MR images at or near end-expiration during spontaneous(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to develop and show the efficacy of a breath-hold ultrafast three-dimensional (3D) spoiled gradient-echo (SPGR) gadolinium-enhanced MR angiographic technique for imaging the aorta and the renal and other visceral arteries of the abdomen; and to compare breath-hold ultrafast 3D SPGR with two-dimensional (2D)(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES This study was performed to evaluate an optical flow method for registering serial computed tomographic (CT) images of lung volumes to assist physicians in visualizing and assessing changes between CT scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS The optical flow method is a coarse-to-fine model-based motion estimation technique for estimating(More)