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Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are at risk for the development of fatty liver as a result of being overweight. Several data suggest that OSA per se could be a risk factor of liver injury; ischemic hepatitis during OSA has been reported, and OSA is an independent risk factor for insulin resistance. Therefore, we investigated liver damage and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In phase III trials, the safety profile of triple therapy (pegylated interferon/ribavirin with boceprevir or telaprevir) seems to be similar in HCV treatment-experienced cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic patients, but few cirrhotics were included. We report the week 16 safety and efficacy analysis in a cohort of compensated cirrhotics treated in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a liver disease that complicates insulin-resistant states. This trial tested the efficacy and safety of rosiglitazone, an insulin-sensitizing agent, in patients with NASH. METHODS Sixty-three patients with histologically proven NASH were randomly assigned to receive rosiglitazone (4 mg/day for the(More)
Over the past two decades, new treatment modalities have been introduced for the management of variceal bleeding. The aim of this retrospective study in a single center was to assess whether these treatments have improved the prognosis for cirrhotic patients with variceal bleeding. We reviewed the clinical records of all patients with cirrhosis admitted to(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance is a frequent feature of chronic hepatitis C. Whether insulin resistance could be the cause or consequence of steatosis and fibrosis is unknown. The ability of HCV genotype 3 to promote steatosis by itself provides an unique opportunity to answer this question. AIMS The aim of the present study was to assess the relationships(More)
UNLABELLED Early identification of patients with severe (discriminant function > or = 32) alcoholic hepatitis (AH) not responding to corticosteroids is crucial. We generated a specific prognostic model (Lille model) to identify candidates early on for alternative therapies. Three hundred twenty patients with AH prospectively treated by corticosteroids were(More)
Diagnostic accuracy of two serum markers of liver fibrosis, hyaluronan (HA) and amino-terminal peptide of type III procollagen (P-III-P), was studied in a cohort of 326 untreated patients with chronic viral hepatitis C. Both P-III-P (RIA-gnost P-III-P, Behring Diagnostic) and HA (HA-test, Pharmacia) serum concentrations correlated with the histological(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Steatosis could be the result of HCV (hepatitis C virus)-induced hypobetalipoproteinemia in patients with chronic hepatitis C. The aim of this study was to assess serum levels of main constituents of betalipoproteins and their relationship with steatosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C without known risk factors for steatosis. (More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of daclatasvir, an HCV NS5A inhibitor with pangenotypic activity, administered with peginterferon-alfa-2a/ribavirin. DESIGN In this Phase 2b double-blind, placebo-controlled study, treatment-naive adults with HCV genotype 1 (N=365) or 4 (N=30) infection were randomly assigned (2:2:1) to daclatasvir 20 mg or 60(More)
The association of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is thought to be rare, and its optimal treatment is unknown. Of 130 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of PBC, we identified 12 cases (9.2%) of overlap syndrome (10 females, 2 males; median age, 50 years) strictly defined by the presence of at least two of the three(More)