Learn More
We present an application of back-propagation networks to handwritten digit recognition. Minimal preprocessing of the data was required, but architecture of the network was highly constrained and speciically designed for the task. The input of the network consists of normalized images of isolated digits. The method has 1% error rate and about a 9% reject(More)
This paper compares the performance of several classiier algorithms on a standard database of handwritten digits. We consider not only raw accuracy, but also training time, recognition time, and memory requirements. When available, we report measurements of the fraction of patterns that must be rejected so that the remaining patterns have misclassiication(More)
This paper describes the construction of a system that recognizes hand-printed digits, using a combination of classical techniques and neural-net methods. The system has been trained and tested on real-world data, derived from zip codes seen on actual U.S. Mail. The system rejects a small percentage of the examples as unclassifiable, and achieves a very low(More)
Training classifiers on large databases is computationally demanding. It is desirable to develop efficient procedures for a reliable prediction of a classifier's suitability for implementing a given task, so that resources can be assigned to the most promising candidates or freed for exploring new classifier candidates. We propose such a practical and(More)
A neural network with 136000 connections for recognition of handwritten digits has been implemented using a mixed analog/digital neural network chip. The neural network chip is capable of processing 1000 characters/s. The recognition system has essentially the same rate (5%) as a simulation of the network with 32-b floating-point precision.