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PURPOSE Because the bioavailability of oral furosemide is erratic and often incomplete, we tested the hypothesis that patients with heart failure who were treated with torsemide, a predictably absorbed diuretic, would have more favorable clinical outcomes than would those treated with furosemide. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted an open-label trial of(More)
BACKGROUND Scleroderma is an autoimmune disease with a characteristic vascular pathology. The vasculopathy associated with scleroderma is one of the major contributors to the clinical manifestations of the disease. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We used immunohistochemical and mRNA in situ hybridization techniques to characterize this vasculopathy and(More)
Overexpression of regulator of G protein signaling 5 (RGS5) in arteries over veins is the most striking difference observed using microarray analysis. The obvious question is what arterial function might require RGS5. Based on functions of homologous proteins in regulating cardiac mass and G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling, we proposed that RGS5(More)
We performed a systematic analysis of gene expression in arteries and veins by comparing message profiles of macaque aorta and vena cava media using a cDNA array containing 4048 known human genes, approximately 35% of currently named human genes (approximately 11,000). The data show extensive differences in RNA expression in artery versus vein media.(More)
BACKGROUND The fibrous cap of the atherosclerotic lesion is believed to be critical to stability because disruption of the cap is the final event leading to plaque rupture. We have, therefore, used expression arrays to define the phenotype of the cap and other plaque components. METHODS AND RESULTS To identify unique expression programs able to(More)
OBJECTIVE This study represents the first in an effort to systematically characterize different intimas by using expression array analysis. METHODS AND RESULTS We compared smooth muscle cells (SMCs) of the neointima formed 4 weeks after aortic grafting with those from normal aorta and vena cava from cynomolgus monkeys. Hybridization to cDNA arrays(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to identify differentially expressed genes in the athero-prone coronary artery and athero-resistant internal mammary arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS Using suppressive subtraction hybridization, we generated reciprocal cDNA collections of representative mRNAs specific to porcine coronary arteries versus porcine mammary arteries. We(More)
OBJECTIVE Regulator of G protein signaling 5 (RGS5), an inhibitor of Galpha(q) and Galpha(i) activation, was recently identified among genes highly expressed in smooth muscle cells (SMCs) of aorta but not vena cava. This finding prompted the hypothesis that RGS5 provides long-term G protein inhibition specific to normal arterial SMC populations and that(More)
An accumulation of evidence suggests that vascular smooth muscle is composed of cell subpopulations with distinct patterns of gene expression. Much of this evidence has come from serendipitous discoveries of genes marking phenotypically distinct aortic cultures derived from 12-day-old and 3-month-old rats. To identify more systematic differences, we(More)
Although cardiac failure has been studied extensively, vascular failure is not a recognizable term. We suggest that it is reasonable to argue that failure of the vessel to control its mass, contractile capacity, and lumen will involve pathways similar to cardiac failure. Vascular failure, or perhaps more accurately arterial failure, has very different(More)