Lawrence C. Rosenberg

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Many proteins found in mineralized tissues have been proposed to function as regulators of the mineralization process, either as nucleators or inhibitors of hydroxyapatite (HA) formation. We have studied the HA-nucleating and HA-inhibiting properties of proteins from bone [osteocalcin (OC), osteopontin (OPN), osteonectin (ON) and bone sialoprotein (BSP)],(More)
Partial-thickness defects evolving in mature articular cartilage do not heal spontaneously. This type of defect was created in the articular cartilage of adult rabbits and Yucatan minipigs, and the effects of chondroitinase ABC or trypsin, fibrin clots, and mitogenic growth factors on the healing process were examined histologically at intervals ranging(More)
Biochemical and biophysical studies have shown that the composition and sedimentation velocity of cartilage proteoglycans change with age, but these investigations cannot demonstrate the alterations in molecular structure responsible for these changes. Development of quantitative electron microscopic methods has made it possible to define the age-related(More)
Lyme disease is a tick-transmitted infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Ticks deposit B. burgdorferi into the dermis of the host, where they eventually become associated with collagen fibres. We demonstrated previously that B. burgdorferi is unable to bind collagen, but can bind the collagen-associated proteoglycan decorin and expresses(More)
Two forms of small, interstitial proteoglycans have been isolated from bovine articular cartilage and have different core proteins, based on NH2-terminal analysis and peptide mapping (Choi, H. U., Johnson, T. L., Pal, S., Tang, L-H., Rosenberg, L. C., and Neame, P. J. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 2876-2884). These proteoglycans have been called PG I and PG(More)
Sedimentation coefficients of approximately 150 S show that proteoglycan aggregates from bovine fetal epiphyseal cartilage are exceptionally large. To determine the structural basis for the unusually large size of these proteoglycan aggregates, identify changes in proteoglycan structure with changing developmental age, and provide a basis for demonstrating(More)
There is evidence to suggest that the synthesis of type II collagen is increased in osteoarthritis (OA). Using an immunoassay, we show that the content of the C-propeptide of type II procollagen (CPII), released extracellularly from the newly synthesized molecule, is directly related to the synthesis of this molecule in healthy and osteoarthritic articular(More)
We have examined the interactions between the small dermatan sulfate proteoglycan decorin and collagen types I-VI using solid phase binding assays. The results of these studies showed that 125I-decorin bound most efficiently to collagen type VI in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Furthermore, this interaction was specific and of moderately high(More)
The calcification of connective tissues, including cartilage, is under the control of many interacting systems. Proteoglycans are thought to retard the deposition of hydroxyapatite crystals, and modification of the proteoglycans presumably facilitates mineralization in those tissues that are actively calcifying. The mechanism underlying these regulations(More)
Lyme disease is a tick-borne infection that can develop into a chronic, multisystemic disorder. The causative agent, Borrelia burgdorferi, is initially deposited by the tick into the host dermis, where it associates with collagen fibers, replicates, and eventually disseminates to other tissues. We have examined the adherence of the spirochete to different(More)