Lawrence A Wolfraim

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SMAD4 (MAD homologue 4 (Drosophila)), also known as DPC4 (deleted in pancreatic cancer), is a tumour suppressor gene that encodes a central mediator of transforming growth factor-beta signalling. Germline mutations in SMAD4 are found in over 50% of patients with familial juvenile polyposis, an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by predisposition to(More)
UNLABELLED Oval cells are hepatocytic precursors that proliferate in late-stage cirrhosis and that give rise to a subset of human hepatocellular carcinomas. Although liver regeneration typically occurs through replication of existing hepatocytes, oval cells proliferate only when hepatocyte proliferation is inhibited. Transforming growth factor-beta(More)
BACKGROUND The receptors for transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and their signaling intermediates make up an important tumor-suppressor pathway. The role of one of these intermediates--Smad3--in the pathogenesis of lymphoid neoplasia is unknown. METHODS We measured Smad3 messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein in leukemia cells obtained at diagnosis from(More)
Induction of G(1) arrest by TGF-beta correlates with the regulation of p21(Cip1) and p27(Kip1), members of the Cip/Kip family of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (cki). However, no definitive evidence exists that these proteins play a causal role in TGF-beta(1)-induced growth arrest in lymphocytes. In this report we show the suppression of cell cycle(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells hold promise for cancer therapy. NK cytotoxicity can be enhanced by expression of chimeric antigen receptors that re-direct specificity toward target cells by engaging cell surface molecules expressed on target cells. We developed a regulatory-compliant, scalable non-viral approach to engineer NK cells to be target-specific based(More)
TCR engagement leads to the up-regulation of genetic programs that can both activate and inhibit T cell function. The early growth receptor (Egr) proteins Egr-2 and Egr-3 have recently been identified as TCR-induced negative regulators of T cell function. NAB2 (NGFI-A-binding protein 2) is both a coactivator and a corepressor of Egr-mediated transcription(More)
Cell cycle re-entry of quiescent T cells is dependent upon cyclin-dependent kinase 2. Inhibition of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 by p27(Kip1) is believed to be the principal constraint on S-phase entry in T cells. We report that deficiency for p27(Kip1) has a more pronounced effect on the expansion of murine naive CD8(+) T cells and that this disparity is due(More)
Administration of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been found to be of therapeutic benefit in various mouse disease models and has potential clinical usefulness. However, the ability to track the distribution of exogenously administered, recombinant forms of these proteins has been restricted by cross-reactivity with endogenous TGF-beta and(More)
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