Lawrence A. Bookman

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This paper describes the results of some experiments using a new approach to information access that combines techniques from natural language processing and knowledge representation with a penalty-based technique for relevance estimation and passage retrieval. Unlike many attempts to combine natural language processing with information retrieval, these(More)
In artificial intelligence, human understanding of text is modeled by programs that construct representations. A critical question concerns determining the form of the representation (hence, the form of the understanding). Thls article explores the encoding relationship between the semantic memory and the representation/ understanding. An important feature(More)
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers (The Kluwer international series in engineering and computer science: natural language processing and machine translation, edited by Jaime In the foreword to this recent book by Larry Bookman, Wendy Lehnert writes, "this volume is without question a milestone in language processing scholarship." To put it simply, I agree.(More)
Winner-take-all (WTA) structures are currently used in massively parallel (connectionist) networks to represent competitive behavior among sets of alternative hypotheses. However, this form of competition might be too rigid and not be appropriate for certain applications. For example, applications that involve noisy and erroneous inputs might mislead WTA(More)
The workshop addressed the cognitive aspects of integrating neural and symbolic processes through the comparison, the catego-rization, and the examination of existing and new approaches. The workshop attracted a large audience from both academia and industry. The presentation of 16 papers, 3 invited talks, and a summary panel, as well as open discussions,(More)
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