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Gracilaria lemaneiformis is cultivated on a large scale in China for industrial production of agarose, a natural polysaccharide, which has been shown to have many beneficial bioactivities such as antitumor, antiviral antioxidant activities, etc. In the present study, the hypoglycemic and antioxidant effects of a polysaccharide extracted from Gracilaria(More)
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is responsible for the highest number of cancer-associated mortalities worldwide, and the five-year survival rate is <15% following the initial diagnosis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) serve important functions in a number of human diseases, including cancer. The present study investigated the expression status, clinical relevance(More)
BACKGROUND microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the regulation of various cellular processes, such as differentiation, proliferation, metabolism, and apoptosis, and they have been implicated in several diseases, including cancers. METHODS To assess the role of miRNA in the progression of breast cancer, we performed TaqMan-based miRNA profiling for plasma(More)
Accumulating data indicate that cancer stem cells play an important role in tumorigenesis and are underlying cause of tumor recurrence and metastasis, specifically in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). We aim to detect the miRNAs that are correlated with the cancer stem cells in CML to provide theoretical basis for clinical application. We first analyzed(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide and is associated with a very poor outcome. Oxymatrine exerts antitumor effects by inducing apoptosis and inhibiting the proliferation of different cancer cells; however, the anticancer effects and mechanism of action of oxymatrine have not been evaluated sufficiently in human lung cancer(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) exist stably and reproducibly in plasma and may be used as biomarkers for various diseases. Little is known about circulating miRNAs in the peripheral blood of juvenile patients with asthma. METHODS In this study, we used hybridization arrays to compare the miRNA expression profiles among 6 juvenile patients with or without(More)
The enzyme 8-oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1) has been shown to be involved in the repair of oxidative DNA damage. However, the effect of OGG1 on oxidative DNA damage caused by particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) is unknown. Herein, we demonstrated that OGG1 could inhibit the generation of ROS and alleviate mitochondrial dysfunction and increased the expression(More)
Nickle (Ni) is a heavy metal found in particulate matter. We previously reported that Ni ions are strongly associated with high apoptosis rates and high expression of IL-1β in human bronchial epithelial cells following exposure to PM2.5; however, the effects of Ni ions on pulmonary fibrosis have not been fully elucidated. In the current study, we evaluated(More)
The aim is to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the PM2.5-induced autophagy in human lung cancer epithelial cells (A549). The effects of the PM2.5 on morphological and biochemical markers of autophagy in A549 were analyzed by electron microscopy, GFP-LC3 puncta was observed by confocal fluorescence microscope. The effects of phosphorylation of(More)
8-Oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) is responsible for repairing 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG). Our previous study demonstrated that α-OGG1 protects cells from oxidative damage-induced apoptosis and mitochondrial dysfunction in human lung cancer cells. However, the function of β-OGG1 remains to be elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that(More)