Learn More
A sensitive, simple and reproducible protocol for nanoparticle-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging technique is described. The use of commercially available TiO2 nanoparticles abolishes heterogeneous crystallization, matrix background interferences and enhances signal detection, especially in the low mass range. Molecular image(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for about 3% of all human malignancies and its incidence is increasing. There are no standard biomarkers currently used in the clinical management of patients with renal cell carcinoma. A promising strategy for new biomarker detection is comparative proteomics of urinary exosomes (UE), nanovesicles released by every(More)
Exosomes are membranous vesicles released by cells in extracellular fluids: they have been found and analyzed in blood, urine, amniotic fluid, breast milk, seminal fluid, saliva and malignant effusions, besides conditioned media from different cell lines. Several recent papers show that exosome proteomes of different origin include both a common set of(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the most common neoplasm affecting the adult kidney, is characterised by heterogeneity of histological subtypes, drug resistance, and absence of molecular markers. Two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2-D DIGE) technology in combination with mass spectrometry (MS) was applied to detect differentially expressed proteins(More)
Sialidases are widely distributed glycohydrolytic enzymes removing sialic acid residues from glycoconjugates. In mammals, several sialidases with different subcellular localizations and biochemical features have been described. NEU4, the most recently identified member of the human sialidase family, is found in two forms, NEU4 long and NEU4 short, differing(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is advised as a treatment option for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) with peritoneal carcinomatosis. This study was designed to define the pharmacokinetics of cisplatin (CDDP) and paclitaxel (PTX) administered together during HIPEC. METHODS Thirteen women with EOC underwent cytoreductive surgery(More)
Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is an emerging technique that allows molecular visualization of the distribution of drugs and metabolites in a two-dimensional space directly in biological tissues. Imaging drug distribution inside a tumor is an important tool to support strategies to improve penetration of anticancer drugs and consequently the outcome of(More)
Polymer nanoparticles (NPs) represent a promising way to deliver poorly water-soluble anticancer drugs without the use of unwanted excipients, whose presence can be the cause of severe side effects. In this work, a Cremophor-free formulation for paclitaxel (PTX) has been developed by employing PEGylated polymer nanoparticles (NPs) as drug delivery carriers(More)
Some chemical compounds used in intensive agriculture have been found to induce estrogenic effects; therefore a histological analysis of the testes and an evaluation of plasma levels of sex steroid, thyroid hormones, and vitellogenin were carried out in adult male water frogs of two coexisting taxa (Rana lessonae and the hemiclonal hybrid Rana esculenta)(More)
We provide an overview of the available information on the distribution of chemotherapeutics in human tumors, highlighting the progress made to assess the heterogeneity of drug concentrations in relation to the complex neoplastic tissue using novel analytical methods, e.g., mass spectrometry imaging. The increase in interstitial fluid pressure due to(More)