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X-ray crystal structures of two non-nucleoside analogue inhibitors bound to hepatitis C virus NS5B RNA-dependent RNA polymerase have been determined to 2.0 and 2.9 A resolution. These noncompetitive inhibitors bind to the same site on the protein, approximately 35 A from the active site. The common features of binding include a large hydrophobic region and… (More)
Crystal structures of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase genotype 2a of hepatitis C virus (HCV) from two crystal forms have been determined. Similar to the three-dimensional structures of HCV polymerase genotype 1b and other known polymerases, the structures of the HCV polymerase genotype 2a in both crystal forms can be depicted in the classical right-hand… (More)
The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (NS5B) from hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a key enzyme in HCV replication. NS5B is a major target for the development of antiviral compounds directed against HCV. Here we present the structures of three thiophene-based non-nucleoside inhibitors (NNIs) bound non-covalently to NS5B. Each of the inhibitors binds to NS5B… (More)
The discovery of a novel class of HCV NS5B polymerase inhibitors, 3-arylsulfonylamino-5-phenyl-thiophene-2-carboxylic acids is described. SAR studies have yielded several potent inhibitors of HCV polymerase as well as of HCV subgenomic RNA replication in Huh-7 cells.
The HCV NS5B RNA dependent RNA polymerase plays an essential role in viral replication. The discovery of a novel class of inhibitors based on an N,N-disubstituted phenylalanine scaffold and structure-activity relationships studies to improve potency are described.
Further SAR studies on the thiophene-2-carboxylic acids are reported. These studies led to the identification of a series of tertiary amides that show inhibition of both HCV NS5B polymerase in vitro and HCV subgenomic RNA replication in Huh-7 cells. Structural insights about the bioactive conformation of this class of molecules were deduced from a… (More)
Integrin-mediated cell adhesion is necessary for endothelial cell proliferation and apoptosis, which is a major determinant in tumor-induced angiogenesis. In this study, we compared two novel, structurally similar, Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptidomimetic compounds having different integrin selectivities, for their inhibition of endothelial cell proliferation and… (More)
Herein, we describe the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of N,N-disubstituted phenylalanine series of NS5B polymerase inhibitors of hepatitis C. The NS5B polymerase inhibitory activity of the most active compound exhibited an IC(50) of 2.7 microM.
HCV NS5B polymerase is a validated target for the treatment of hepatitis C, known to be one of the most challenging enzymes for docking programs. In order to improve the low accuracy of existing docking methods observed with this challenging enzyme, we have significantly modified and updated F itted 1.0, a recently reported docking program, into F itted… (More)
A novel class of macrocyclic 1,6-napthyridines designed to adopt the presumed bioactive conformation of anti-HCMV acyclic 1,6-napthyridines are described. Both 14- and 15-membered macrocycles were shown to be highly potent against HCMV HSV-1 and HSV-2.