Lauy Al-Anati

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Ochratoxin A (OTA) is an immunosuppressant fungal compound, produced by toxigenic species of Aspergillus and Penicillium fungi in a wide variety of climates and geographical regions. The contamination of food by this mycotoxin takes place primarily during preharvest periods. Almost all types of food can be contaminated. In addition, its chemical stability(More)
We investigated the role of arachidonic acid and its metabolites on the ochratoxin A (OTA) provoked release of proinflammatory and apoptotic cytokine TNF-alpha from blood-free perfused rat liver. OTA induced TNF-alpha release dose- and time-dependently yielding 2600 pg TNF-alpha/ml at 2.5 micromol/l after 90 min without significant release of LDH and(More)
Non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (NDL-PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous pollutants often co-existing in contaminated environments. However, there are few studies on the effects of co-exposure, in particular on effects of pure NDL-PCB congeners and PAHs. We have evaluated the effects of some highly purified NDL-PCBs(More)
We studied the inhibitory effect of silibinin on ochratoxin A (OTA) and LPS-mediated tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) release and the leakage of cytotoxic markers glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), from isolated blood-free perfused rat livers, and from isolated pure rat Kupffer cells. In the recirculation perfusion model(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is released from blood-free perfused rat liver by the fungal metabolite ochratoxin A. Here we have identified Kupffer cells as the sole source of OTA-mediated cytokine release. If single cell preparation of Kupffer cells, hepatocytes, or sinusoidal endothelial cells were prepared from rat livers, only Kupffer cells released(More)
The release of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) by ochratoxin A (OTA) was studied in various macrophage and non-macrophage cell lines and compared with E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) as a standard TNF-α release agent. Cells were exposed either to 0, 2.5 or 12.5 µmol/L OTA, or to 0.1 µg/mL LPS, for up to 24 h. OTA at 2.5 µmol/L and LPS at 0.1 µg/mL were not(More)
Non-dioxin-like (NDL) polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and their hydroxyl metabolites (OH-PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental contaminants in human tissues and blood. The toxicological impact of these metabolites is poorly understood. In this study rats were exposed to ultrapure PCB180 (10-1000mg/kgbw) for 28days and induction of genotoxic stress in liver(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous and persistent environmental pollutants that accumulated in the food chain. Traditionally they are divided into dioxin-like (DL)- and non-dioxin-like (NDL)-PCBs. NDL-PCBs have been shown to have tumor promotive activity in mice and co-carcinogenic effects in rats. However the mechanisms are poorly understood,(More)
Exocrine pancreatic cancer is an aggressive disease with an exceptionally high mortality rate. Genetic analysis suggests a causative role for environmental factors, but consistent epidemiological support is scarce and no biomarkers for monitoring the effects of chemical pancreatic carcinogens are available. With the objective to identify common traits for(More)