Lautaro D. Alvarez

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Glucocorticoids are essential for life, but are also implicated in disease pathogenesis and may produce unwanted effects when given in high doses. Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) transcriptional activity and clinical outcome have been linked to its oligomerization state. Although a point mutation within the GR DNA-binding domain (GRdim mutant) has been(More)
BACKGROUND The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is a transcription factor that regulates gene expression in a ligand-dependent fashion. This modular protein is one of the major pharmacological targets due to its involvement in both cause and treatment of many human diseases. Intense efforts have been made to get information about the molecular basis of GR(More)
Antiglucocorticoids that act as antagonists at the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) level may be used to block or modulate the undesirable effects of glucocorticoid excess (from endogenous or exogenous origin). RU486 developed in the early 80s, is an antiglucocorticoid but also a potent antiprogestin and abortifacient, nevertheless it still remains as the only(More)
21-Hydroxy-6,19-epoxyprogesterone (21OH-6,19OP) is a selective antiglucocorticoid that lacks the bulky substituent at C-11 found in active antagonists of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Ligand-free GR ligand-binding domain (LBD) and GR LBD complexed with 21OH-6,19OP or the agonist dexamethasone were simulated during 6 ns using molecular dynamics. Results(More)
A general procedure for the synthesis of 1a,11aand 1b,11a-epoxysteroids is described, using an intramolecular remote functionalization reaction involving the photolysis of 11a-hydroxysteroids in the presence of diacetoxyiodobenzene and iodine. Three 1,11-epoxypregnanes were prepared, two of them (compounds 10 and 14) are conformationally constrained(More)
Three analogs of neuroactive steroids were prepared (4-6) in which 1,11- or 11,19-oxygen bridges give a constrained conformation. Their 3D structures were obtained by ab initio calculations and in the case of 3alpha-hydroxy-11,19-epoxypregn-4-ene-20-one (4), confirmed by X-ray analysis. Biological activity of the synthetic steroids was assayed in vitro(More)
The introduction of a hemisuccinate group at the 21-position of the passive antiglucocorticoid 21OH-6,19OP leads to a compound (21HS-6,19OP) with a notable activity profile toward the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). In contrast to the parent steroid, 21HS-6,19OP behaves as a pure agonist of GR activity in direct transactivation assays. However, the apoptotic(More)
The biological activity of two seven-membered A-ring (A-homo) analogues of progesterone was evaluated by transactivation assays in Cos-1 cells and by determination of Bcl-x(L) expression levels in T47D cells. The results show that both compounds act as selective progesterone receptor (PR) agonists but lack mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) activity. Molecular(More)
Glucocorticoids are steroid hormones that exert most of their effects through their binding to the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), a ligand regulated transcription factor. Although glucocorticoids are widely used in the clinic, their usage in chronic therapies provokes severe adverse reactions. In the quest for safer glucocorticoids a dissociated model was(More)