Laus M. Broersen

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Cholesterol and docosahexenoic acid (DHA) may affect degenerative processes in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) by influencing Abeta metabolism indirectly via the vasculature. We investigated whether DHA-enriched diets or cholesterol-containing Typical Western Diets (TWD) alter behavior and cognition, cerebral hemodynamics (relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV))(More)
Latent inhibition is a measure of retarded conditioning to a previously presented nonreinforced stimulus that is impaired in schizophrenic patients and in rats treated with amphetamine. In terms of neural substrates, latent inhibition depends on the integrity of the nucleus accumbens and the inputs to this structure from the hippocampal formation and(More)
The prefrontal cortex has traditionally been implicated in a variety of cognitive processes, including memory, attention and decision making. The detection of effects of prefrontal cortex lesions on attention has been shown to depend on the procedure used to assess the attentional process. We therefore investigated the effects of lesions of the prefrontal(More)
Latent inhibition (LI) refers to retarded conditioning to a stimulus that had been repeatedly preexposed without consequences, as compared with a nonpreexposed stimulus. Amphetamine disrupts LI, and this effect was suggested to result from enhanced switching to respond according to the stimulus-reinforcer contingency. Recently, it has been argued that(More)
Impaired ability to "gate out" sensory and cognitive information is considered to be a central feature of schizophrenia and is manifested, among others, in disrupted prepulse inhibition and latent inhibition. The present study investigated, in rats, the effects of increasing dopamine receptor activation within the medial prefrontal cortex by local(More)
Impaired ability to 'gate out' sensory and cognitive information is considered to be a central feature of schizophrenia and is manifested, among others, in disrupted prepulse inhibition (PPI) and latent inhibition (LI). The present study investigated in rats the effects of increasing or decreasing dopamine (DA) receptor activation within the medial(More)
Rationale. Hypertension is considered a risk factor for the development of cognitive disorders, because of its negative effects on cerebral vasculature and blood flow. Genetically induced hypertension in rats has been associated with a range of cognitive impairments. Therefore, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) can potentially be used as a model for(More)
Previous studies with mice lacking 5-HT(1A) (1AKO) and 5-HT(1B) (1BKO) receptors in hippocampus-dependent learning and memory paradigms, suggest that these receptors play an important role in learning and memory, although their precise role is unclear. In the present study, 1AKO and 1BKO mice were studied in operant behavioural paradigms of decision making(More)
High dietary cholesterol and low dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, it is unclear how these components influence the course of the disease. We investigated the effects of dietary lipids on beta-amyloid deposition and blood circulation in the brains of 18-month-old APP/PS1 mice. Starting at 6(More)
It is well documented that latent inhibition (LI), i.e. slower conditioning to a stimulus that had been repeatedly pre-exposed without consequences, compared to a non-pre-exposed stimulus, is prevented by amphetamine. Recently, we found that the effects of amphetamine on LI, as assessed in an off-baseline conditioned emotional response (CER) procedure,(More)