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Latent inhibition is a measure of retarded conditioning to a previously presented nonreinforced stimulus that is impaired in schizophrenic patients and in rats treated with amphetamine. In terms of neural substrates, latent inhibition depends on the integrity of the nucleus accumbens and the inputs to this structure from the hippocampal formation and(More)
Latent inhibition (LI) refers to retarded conditioning to a stimulus that had been repeatedly preexposed without consequences, as compared with a nonpreexposed stimulus. Amphetamine disrupts LI, and this effect was suggested to result from enhanced switching to respond according to the stimulus-reinforcer contingency. Recently, it has been argued that(More)
High dietary cholesterol and low dietary docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake are risk factors for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, it is unclear how these components influence the course of the disease. We investigated the effects of dietary lipids on beta-amyloid deposition and blood circulation in the brains of 18-month-old APP/PS1 mice. Starting at 6(More)
Rationale. Hypertension is considered a risk factor for the development of cognitive disorders, because of its negative effects on cerebral vasculature and blood flow. Genetically induced hypertension in rats has been associated with a range of cognitive impairments. Therefore, spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) can potentially be used as a model for(More)
Cholesterol and docosahexenoic acid (DHA) may affect degenerative processes in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) by influencing Abeta metabolism indirectly via the vasculature. We investigated whether DHA-enriched diets or cholesterol-containing Typical Western Diets (TWD) alter behavior and cognition, cerebral hemodynamics (relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV))(More)
Impaired ability to 'gate out' sensory and cognitive information is considered to be a central feature of schizophrenia and is manifested, among others, in disrupted prepulse inhibition (PPI) and latent inhibition (LI). The present study investigated in rats the effects of increasing or decreasing dopamine (DA) receptor activation within the medial(More)
The putative involvement of the dopaminergic innervation of the medial part of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in short-term memory functioning was investigated by evaluating the effects of local infusions of dopaminergic drugs into the ventral part of the medial PFC of rats in an operant delayed-matching-to-position (DMTP) task. Two separate groups of rats(More)
Lesions of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) disrupt performance in a variety of delay tasks, which suggests that the mPFC supports short-term memory processes. The putative involvement of the dopaminergic innervation of the mPFC in these mnemonic processes was investigated by evaluating the effects of local infusions of dopaminergic drugs into the mPFC(More)
It is well documented that latent inhibition (LI), i.e. slower conditioning to a stimulus that had been repeatedly pre-exposed without consequences, compared to a non-pre-exposed stimulus, is prevented by amphetamine. Recently, we found that the effects of amphetamine on LI, as assessed in an off-baseline conditioned emotional response (CER) procedure,(More)
Previous studies with mice lacking 5-HT(1A) (1AKO) and 5-HT(1B) (1BKO) receptors in hippocampus-dependent learning and memory paradigms, suggest that these receptors play an important role in learning and memory, although their precise role is unclear. In the present study, 1AKO and 1BKO mice were studied in operant behavioural paradigms of decision making(More)