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Of the many genes that are expressed in the visual system of Drosophila melanogaster adults, some affect larval vision. However, with the exception of one X-linked mutation, no genes that have larval-specific effects on visual system structure or function have previously been reported. We describe the isolation and characterization of two mutant alleles(More)
Remarkably little is known about the molecular mechanisms that drive sexual behavior. We have identified a new gene, quick-to-court (qtc), whose mutations cause males to show high levels of male-male courtship. qtc males also show a novel phenotype: when placed in the presence of a virgin female, they begin courtship abnormally quickly. qtc mutations are(More)
To accommodate both high sensitivity as well as the ability to respond to a broad range of stimulus concentrations, an organism must possess some means of modulating the gain of its sensory systems. This phenomenon is known as adaptation. Here, we demonstrate that Drosophila larvae can adapt to three odorants in a behavioral paradigm. Larval olfactory(More)
We have identified cells in the brain of Drosophila melanogaster that are required to be of female genotype for receptivity to copulation with males. To do this, we determined experimental conditions in which female flies virtually always copulate, then measured the minimum amount of male courtship that is required to stimulate females to indicate their(More)
We are interested in elucidating the extent to which lekking Hawaiian Drosophila species have diverged from their continental counterparts, which engage in sexual behavior at communal food sources, with regard to the chemical communication systems that the flies employ. Accordingly, we have analyzed flies from three closely related Hawaiian Drosophila(More)
We have identified the effects of genes that regulate sex determination on female-specific tissues in the abdomen that produce sex pheromones and parts of the central nervous system that function when a male performs courtship. To do this, we monitored the sexual behaviors of flies with mutations in the transformer (tra), doublesex (dsx) and intersex (ix)(More)