Laurie S. Eisenberg

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Adult listeners are able to recognize speech even under conditions of severe spectral degradation. To assess the developmental time course of this robust pattern recognition, speech recognition was measured in two groups of children (5-7 and 10-12 years of age) as a function of the degree of spectral resolution. Results were compared to recognition(More)
CONTEXT Cochlear implantation is a surgical alternative to traditional amplification (hearing aids) that can facilitate spoken language development in young children with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). OBJECTIVE To prospectively assess spoken language acquisition following cochlear implantation in young children. DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
OBJECTIVE The principal goal of this study was to investigate the relationships between maternal contributions (e.g., involvement, self-efficacy, linguistic input) and receptive and expressive (oral and sign) language skills in young children with cochlear implants. DESIGN Relationships between maternal contributions and children's language skills were(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the effects of observed maternal sensitivity (MS), cognitive stimulation (CS), and linguistic stimulation on the 4-year growth of oral language in young, deaf children receiving a cochlear implant. Previous studies of cochlear implants have not considered the effects of parental behaviors on language outcomes. STUDY DESIGN In this(More)
OBJECTIVE With broadening candidacy criteria for cochlear implantation, a greater number of pediatric candidates have usable residual hearing in their nonimplanted ears. This population potentially stands to benefit from continued use of conventional amplification in their nonimplanted ears. The purposes of this investigation were to evaluate whether(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the combined lexical effects of word frequency and neighborhood density (acoustic-phonetic similarity) on the recognition of words spoken in isolation and words spoken in sentences for children with normal hearing and children with cochlear implants. DESIGN Lexically controlled sentences were created(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the communication outcomes between children with aided residual hearing and children with cochlear implants. DESIGN Measures of speech recognition and language were administered to pediatric hearing aid users and cochlear implant users followed up longitudinally as part of an ongoing investigation on cochlear implant outcomes. The(More)
The development of language and communication may play an important role in the emergence of behavioral problems in young children, but they are rarely included in predictive models of behavioral development. In this study, cross-sectional relationships between language, attention, and behavior problems were examined using parent report, videotaped(More)
The Childhood Development after Cochlear Implantation (CDaCI) study is a longitudinal multicenter investigation designed to identify factors influencing spoken language in young deaf children with cochlear implants. Normal-hearing peers serve as controls. As part of a comprehensive evaluation battery, a speech recognition hierarchy was designed to assess(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined specific spoken language abilities of 160 children with severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss followed prospectively 4, 5, or 6 years after cochlear implantation. STUDY SAMPLE Ninety-eight children received implants before 2.5 years, and 62 children received implants between 2.5 and 5 years of age. DESIGN Language(More)