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This article examines how pacing strategies during exercise are controlled by information processing between the brain and peripheral physiological systems. It is suggested that, although several different pacing strategies can be used by athletes for events of different distance or duration, the underlying principle of how these different overall pacing(More)
INTRODUCTION A central fatigue theory proposes that force output during fatiguing exercise is limited to maintain homeostasis. The self-awareness of the body's homeostatic state is known as interoception. Brain regions thought to play a role in interoception, such as the insular and orbital frontal cortex, have been proposed as sites for the upstream(More)
UNLABELLED Chronic levels of physical activity have been associated with increased dopamine (D2) receptors resulting in increased sensitivity to dopamine release. The catechol-O-methyltransferase enzyme, responsible for dopamine degradation, contains a functional polymorphism, which plays an important role in dopamine regulation within the prefrontal(More)
We investigate the complexity and recurrence properties of human activity measured from forearm movement in individuals carrying out their normal daily routines. We show that complexity in activity decreases with age and speculate that this coincides with a reduction in healthy behaviour and could also indicate that one of the underlying physiological(More)
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