Laurie P Norwood

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Screening for sequence heterogeneities in Sabin Type 3 strains of attenuated poliovirus demonstrated mutations that consistently accumulate to significant levels following 10 passages in cultures of primary African green monkey kidney (AGMK) cells or continuous cultures of Vero cells. Fourteen newly identified mutations were quantified by mutant analysis by(More)
Mutant analysis by polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme cleavage (MAPREC) was used to study sequence heterogeneity and stability in attenuated poliovirus type 3 at positions in which the vaccine virus differs from its wild-type progenitor. Of seven genomic positions tested, only two (positions 472 and 2493) show nucleotide heterogeneity.(More)
By using sensitive mutant analysis by PCR and restriction enzyme cleavage we have found that among several positions that differ between the wild-type and attenuated type 3 poliovirus genomes, only two positions, 472 and 2493, showed variability in vaccine lots. Of these two, only position 472 correlates with neurovirulence in monkeys, while the abundance(More)
Mutant analysis by polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme cleavage (MAPREC) was used to study sequence heterogeneity and stability in attenuated poliovirus type 3 at positions in which the vaccine virus differs from its wild-type progenitor. Of seven genomic positions tested, only two (positions 472 and 2493) show nucleotide heterogeneity.(More)
Two poliovirus-susceptible transgenic mouse (Tg PVR) strains, Tg1 and Tg21, were compared with the monkey test for their sensitivity to neurovirulence of live oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV). Intracerebral (i.c.) and intraspinal (i.s.) routes of inoculation were investigated to determine the most suitable combination of mouse strain and route. Evaluation of(More)
We have previously found that upon passaging type 3 oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) in cell cultures the proportion of revertants at nucleotide 472 rapidly increases [Chumakov et al.: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 88:199-203 1991]. Systematic study on the accumulation of these revertants showed that it was(More)
Quantitation of virus revertants by PCR and restriction enzyme cleavage may give nonlinear results and, in some cases, produce artifacts caused by nucleotide misincorporation and heteroduplex formation, occurring during PCR. Modifications of the procedure allowed us to overcome these problems and develop a highly sensitive and reliable method of mutant(More)
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