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This study evaluated the effects of antidepressants and psychotherapy on work impairment in depressed patients. Original databases from 10 published treatment studies were compiled and analyzed (N = 827). Functional work impairment was common at baseline, manifested by unemployment (11%) or on-the-job performance problems (absenteeism, decreased(More)
Although the attitudes of family members as revealed by measures of expressed emotion (EE) have been shown to be associated with the course of schizophrenic illness, little is known about how the patients perceive these attitudes. A detailed interview was used to assess patients' perceptions of their family members' behaviors toward them. Family member's EE(More)
Thirty-nine chronic schizophrenic male out-patients and their relatives were interviewed separately to assess their perceptions of their current relationships. Two simple 5-point rating scales predicted the risk of psychotic exacerbation during a one-year follow-up: patients' perceptions of the relatives' attitudes towards them, and patients' own attitudes(More)
The relationships between duration of schizophrenic illness before first hospital admission, expressed emotion in key relatives, and illness course have yielded conflicting reports. This study examined the issue from a methodological perspective in a sample of first-episode schizophrenic patients. A 'best estimate' of illness onset, based on a compilation(More)
Re-analyses of data presented by Macmillan et al (1986b) challenge their conclusions that high expressed emotion is not prognostically significant for the course of schizophrenia or unrelated to the level of behavioural disturbance prior to admission. Several equally plausible models of causal relationships between EE and duration of untreated illness are(More)
The emotional climate within the home is a powerful predictor of relapse and remission in schizophrenic disorders. Research has focused on "expressed emotion" (EE), a measure of relatives' expressed attitudes about the patient. Recently, EE has become a focus of controversy. Correcting a misperception that EE research blames families of schizophrenic(More)
This study examines reliability and validity estimates for 3 widely used measures in body image research in a sample of African American college women (N = 278). Internal consistency estimates were adequate (α coefficients above .70) for all measures, and evidence of convergent and discriminant validity was found. Confirmatory factor analyses failed to(More)
One of the most puzzling features of "hyperactivity" in children is the importance of activity itself. Generalized overactivity has not been found to be a valid diagnostic marker. Could some qualitative features of activity be important determinants of the perceived quantity of activity? The analogue study reported here derives from a social-psychological(More)
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