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Obtaining an emergent EEG for the diagnosis of nonconvulsive status epilepticus and conconvulsive seizures in the intensive care unit raises logistic problems in most hospitals. Previous studies have looked into the hairline EEG for a broader population than the critically ill, with controversial conclusions. The authors created a montage sufficiently(More)
Despite ongoing investigation into pharmacologic treatments for Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS), outcomes for chronic administration of medications remain disappointing. In many instances LGS is treatment refractory, resulting in poor prognoses that include intellectual disability, persisting seizures, and psychiatric conditions. For patients with treatment(More)
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) is a severe epileptic encephalopathy that shares many features and characteristics of other treatment-resistant childhood epilepsies. Accurate and early diagnosis is essential to both prognosis and overall patient management. However, accurate diagnosis of LGS can be clinically challenging. This article summarizes key(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the prevalence of cognitive, neurologic, and behavioral outcomes at 10 years of age in 428 girls and 446 boys who were born extremely preterm. STUDY DESIGN A total of 889 of 966 eligible children previously enrolled in the multicenter Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns Study from 2002-2004 were evaluated at 10 years of age.(More)
Benign paroxysmal torticollis is an under-recognized cause of torticollis of early infancy. The attacks usually last for less than 1 week, recur from every few days to every few months, improve by age 2 years, and end by age 3. There very frequently is a family history of migraine. We did a detailed analysis of 10 cases of benign paroxysmal torticollis,(More)
Transition is the process of preparing children with chronic illness and their families for the adult health care system. In patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) and related disorders, the process of transition is complicated by the presence of intellectual handicap, treatment-resistant epilepsy, and behavioral issues. Patients who are not(More)
A neonatal burst suppression electroencephalogram (EEG) is usually associated with an ominous prognosis. It is controversial whether a reactive burst suppression pattern (ie, a burst suppression pattern that can be interrupted by stimulation) is predictive of a better outcome. We retrospectively studied 22 full-term newborns with burst suppression EEGs to(More)
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is an increasingly used therapy for patients with treatment-refractory epilepsy and depression. Hypomanic and manic symptoms are a rare but recognized adverse effect of VNS treatment. Here we describe a case in which VNS treatment in a patient with epilepsy and unipolar depression was associated with the rapid development of(More)
We developed a comprehensive set of quality-of-care indicators for the management of children with infantile spasms in the United States, encompassing evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention and management of side effects and comorbidities. The indicators were developed using the RAND/UCLA Modified Delphi Method. After a focused review of the(More)