Laurie Levenson

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Based primarily on results obtained during exercise treadmill testing, electrocardiographic (ECG) leads II and V5 are the suggested optimal leads for detecting intraoperative myocardial ischemia. However, these recommendations have not been validated in this setting using all 12 ECG leads. Accordingly, the authors studied 105 patients with known or(More)
Splanchnic blood flow was measured by the constant infusion of indocyanine green given before and after morphine 0.2 mg/kg (maximum 15 mg) intravenously in 13 patients. Splanchnic blood flow increased from 1012 +/- 98 ml/min to 1200 +/- 118 ml/min after the administration of morphine, a 19 per cent increase (P less than 0.025). Splanchnic vascular(More)
Several reports in the literature and our experience prior to 1974 support the thesis that operative risk in patients with acquired heart disease and poor ventricular function (as assessed by a biplane ejection fraction [EF] less than or equal to 0.40) was very significantly increased over the risk in patients with normal ventricular function. These results(More)
The literature contains many reports of the echocardiographic findings in left atrial myxoma and clot; however, descriptions of left ventricular thrombus or tumor are rare. We discuss here the echocardiographic findings in a patient with a large apical left ventricular thrombus which was confirmed both angiographically and pathologically. The importance of(More)
In order to evaluate the duration of the biologic effects of propranolol after the drug was discontinued, we evaluated a variety of noninvasively determined hemodynamic parameters. Significant depression was found in the heart rate (18 per cent), cardiac output (13 per cent) (determined echocardiographically), and the triple product of blood pressure, heart(More)
The Herschel Reference Survey is a Herschel guaranteed time key project and will be a benchmark study of dust in the nearby universe. The survey will complement a number of other Herschel key projects including large cosmological surveys that trace dust in the distant universe. We will use Herschel to produce images of a statistically-complete sample of 323(More)
This article presents a novel empirical study that argues the Supreme Court’s decision in KSR v. Teleflex has had a significant effect on the law of obviousness. The results presented here suggest that after KSR both the Federal Circuit and the District Courts are more likely to render patents invalid as obvious. This showing contradicts a commonly held(More)
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