Laurie L. McDonald

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In this paper, we propose and implement non-experimental matching/regression-adjustment methods in an attempt to isolate one of the potentially important reasons for across-program differences in training effects, namely that programs differ in the mix in and assignment of different types of training to the participants in its programs. The latter source of(More)
We examined post-spill trends (1989-1998) of marine bird populations in Prince William Sound (PWS) following the Exxon Valdez oil spill (EVOS) to evaluate recovery of injured taxa. Two criteria were employed. First, we examined population trends of injured taxa only in the oiled area of PWS using regression models. Second, we examined population trends of(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the relationships among physician-parent communication practices, physicians' perceptions of parental expectations for antibiotic treatment, and inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for viral upper respiratory tract infections. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of pediatric encounters motivated by cold symptoms between October 1, 2000,(More)
CONTEXT Widespread overuse and inappropriate use of antibiotics are a major public health concern. Little is known about racial/ethnic differences in parents seeking antibiotics for their children's upper respiratory illnesses. OBJECTIVE To examine racial/ethnic differences in parent expectations about the need for antibiotics and physician perceptions of(More)
As a continuing effort to enhance the quality of palliative care for the dying, this study examined (1) the prevalence of spirituality among hospice interdisciplinary team (IDT) members; (2) whether spirituality is related to job satisfaction; and (3) the structural path relationships among four variables: spiritual belief, integration of spirituality at(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess whether prospective, observational study procedures, including questionnaires and audio recording, are associated with different patterns of physician diagnostic decision making and antibiotic prescribing. DATA SOURCES/SETTING (1) Survey data from a prospective observational study of treatment patterns for children with acute upper(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relation between parent expectations for antibiotics, parent communication behaviors, and physicians' perceptions of parent expectations for antibiotics. STUDY DESIGN A nested cross-sectional study with parallel measures of parents presenting children for acute respiratory infections (previsit) and physicians (postvisit) and(More)
BACKGROUND There is a high degree of professional consensus that children diagnosed with pharyngitis should only receive antibiotics if they have a positive test for group A streptococcus (GAS). OBJECTIVES To develop and test the validity of a quality of care performance measure that examines GAS testing rates in children diagnosed with pharyngitis and(More)
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Despite the persistence of spherocytosis after splenectomy in hereditary spherocytosis, it has usually been assumed that red cell life span returns completely to normal after this treatment. Diisopropyl fluorophosphate. DF(32)P, a noneluting red cell label, was given intravenously to 11 patients in five unrelated families 2-27 yr after splenectomy for(More)