Laurie Jacobs

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Previous research has indicated that schizophrenics are particularly likely to have been born during the winter months. In the present investigation, we studied the relationships of this birth-seasonality effect to year-to-year variations in the incidences of eight seasonal diseases and climatological temperature extremes in 3,246 schizophrenics. The winter(More)
The pain adaptation rates of high- and low-emotional deficit schizophrenics were compared. Electrical stimulation pain thresholds were calculated and retaken at four intervals after administration of shocks in a learning task. Low scorers on the General Sensation-Seeking and Thrill/Adventure Seeking scales showed significantly less pain adaptation than did(More)
In an earlier project, we identified five alcohol-consumption aftereffect factors, which were named Hangover, Euphoria, Flushing, Seizures, and Sleepiness. In this study (N = 100) we assessed the construct validities of the five, using 47 MMPI, self-report, and recidivism criteria. The number of significant relationships between the factors and the criteria(More)
Motivational models of alcohol consumption have articulated the manner in which positive and negative experiences motivate drinking in unique social contexts (e.g., M. L. Cooper, M. R. Frone, M. Russell & P. Mudar, 1995, Drinking to regulate positive and negative emotions: A motivational model of alcohol use, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,(More)
The outcomes of inpatient alcoholics who reported that they had been coerced into treatment by commitment or pressure from others were compared in a follow-up study to those of alcoholics who described themselves as voluntary admissions. Ten assessments of control over drinking, number of drinking days in the past week, and intoxication since previous(More)
Research that deals with the causes of alcoholism has been hampered by the absence of factor analyses that deal specifically with ethanol's aftereffects. We factor analyzed 100 alcoholics' reports of the effects that they experience after alcohol consumption. Five factors emerged--Hangover, Euphoria, Flushing, Seizures, and Sleepiness. They are described(More)
A total of 100 men were studied to determine the relationship between belief in the abstinence theory and outcome after treatment of alcoholism. Twenty-seven subjects reported believing that at least some alcoholics can tolerate a single drink without losing control or can learn to drink in moderation and the remaining 73 rejected both contentions. The mean(More)
Several studies have suggested that patients with affective, neurotic, and personality disorders are particularly likely to have been born during the early months of the year. They suggest that seasonal factors may play a role in the etiologies of these disorders. However, Lewis and Griffin (1981) have suggested that the reported seasonal exaggerations in(More)
This paper describes a common dysphoric syndrome occurring during the remission from manic-depressive episodes. Its affective, cognitive and behavioral aspects represent a significant vulnerability to further relapses. It does not respond to pharmacotherapy and requires individual psychotherapy over a period of two to four years. Such therapy usually has(More)