Laurie J. Jones

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A sensitive assay for detecting double-stranded (ds) DNA in solution is described. This assay employs a new dye, PicoGreen dsDNA quantitation reagent, which becomes intensely fluorescent upon binding nucleic acids. The brightness of this reagent is due to its high quantum yield (approximately 0.5, bound to ds calf thymus DNA) and large molar extinction(More)
We describe the development of a sensitive fluorescence-based solution assay for RNA using a new dye, RiboGreen RNA quantitation reagent. RiboGreen reagent exhibits >1000-fold fluorescence enhancement and high quantum yield (0.65) upon binding nucleic acids, with excitation and emission maxima near those of fluorescein. Unbound dye is essentially(More)
The highest sensitivity nucleic acid gel stains developed to date are optimally excited using short-wavelength ultraviolet or visible light. This is a disadvantage for laboratories equipped only with 306- or 312-nm UV transilluminators. We have developed a new unsymmetrical cyanine dye that overcomes this problem. This new dye, SYBR Gold nucleic acid gel(More)
Investigation of mitochondrial morphology and function has been hampered because photostable, mitochondrion-specific stains that are retained in fixed, permeabilized cells have not been available. We found that in live cell preparations, the CMXRos and H2-CMXRos dyes were more photostable than rhodamine 123. In addition, fluorescence and morphology of(More)
We describe here the development and characterization of the CyQUANT cell proliferation assay, a highly sensitive, fluorescence-based microplate assay for determining numbers of cultured cells. The assay employs CyQUANT GR dye, which produces a large fluorescence enhancement upon binding to cellular nucleic acids that can be measured using standard(More)
We have developed a simple, sensitive, fluorescence microplate-based assay for tumor necrosis factor (TNF) biological activity. The assay employs SYTOX Green nucleic acid stain to detect TNF-induced cell necrosis in actinomycin D sensitized cultured cell lines. SYTOX Green stain is a cationic unsymmetrical cyanine dye that is excluded from live cells but(More)
The fluorescent hydrazide, Pro-Q Emerald 300 dye, may be conjugated to glycoproteins by a periodic acid Schiff's (PAS) mechanism. The glycols present in glycoproteins are initially oxidized to aldehydes using periodic acid. The dye then reacts with the aldehydes to generate a highly fluorescent conjugate. Reduction with sodium metabisulfite or sodium(More)
We have prepared casein conjugates of two BODIPY dyes for use as fluorogenic protease substrates in homogeneous assays. Both conjugates are labeled to such an extent that the dyes are efficiently quenched in the protein, yielding virtually nonfluorescent substrate molecules. These fluorogenic substrates release highly fluorescent BODIPY dye-labeled peptides(More)
We developed a sensitive fluorescence assay for the quantitation of proteins in solution using the NanoOrange reagent, a merocyanine dye that produces a large increase in fluorescence quantum yield upon interaction with detergent-coated proteins. The NanoOrange assay allowed for the detection of 10 ng/mL to 10 micrograms/mL protein with a standard(More)
A dichromatic method for measuring the specific activity of beta-glucuronidase from complex cell homogenates or partially purified protein fractions is presented. Dual fluorescence is achieved by using the green emitting fluorogenic substrate ELF 97 beta-D-glucuronide to detect beta-glucuronidase activity, followed by the red emitting SYPRO Ruby protein gel(More)