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Soy foods and certain soy constituents, particularly isoflavones, have been suggested to have potential cancer-inhibitory effects in laboratory and epidemiological studies. Chinese women in Shanghai consume high levels of soy foods and have low incidence rates of breast and other hormone-related cancers. To assess the usual dietary consumption of soy foods(More)
Due to growing evidence suggesting that phytoestrogens might protect against various cancers, particularly against breast and prostate cancer, it is important to measure the exposure of populations to these compounds by determining levels in food and in human tissue or body fluids to assess the possible cancer protective properties of these agents.(More)
A fast, precise and selective diode array HPLC method is presented for the extraction and analysis of soy isoflavonoids from foods and from human urine, plasma, and breast milk in support of mechanistic and epidemiologic studies assessing the potential cancer protective role of soya or isoflavones. Solid phase or solvent extraction was chosen for isolation,(More)
Concentrations and glucosidic conjugation patterns of isoflavones were determined in soy foods consumed by multiethnic populations in Singapore and Hawaii. Six raw and 11 cooked food groups traditionally consumed in Singapore and 8 food groups consumed in Hawaii were analyzed by reversed-phase high-pressure liquid chromatography with diode array detection.(More)
Heterocyclic amines (HAAs) and polycyclic hydrocarbons are suspected colorectal cancer (CRC) carcinogens that are found in well-done meat. They require metabolic activation by phase I enzymes, such as the smoking-inducible CYP1A isoenzymes. N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) also play a role in the further activation of HAAs. We conducted a population-based(More)
To determine whether NAT2 genotyping could be used interchangeably with caffeine phenotyping in assessing N-acetyltransferase activity in epidemiological studies, sources of interindividual variability in N-acetyltransferase activity were assessed among 90 subjects of various ethnic backgrounds in Hawaii. Forty-three subjects were patients with in situ(More)
Soy isoflavones were quantified from human milk by a fast, precise, and selective HPLC method after enzymatic hydrolysis of conjugated isoflavones and extraction with ethyl acetate. Isoflavone aglycones and their mammalian metabolites equol and O-desmethylangolensin were separated selectively and identified by absorbance patterns, fluorometric and(More)
Because of the individual biological effects and the uncertain or missing information on levels of tocopherols (T) and tocotrienols (T3) in foods frequently consumed in Hawaii, 79 food items (50 in duplicate) were analyzed for alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-tocopherol (alphaT, betaT, gammaT, and deltaT) and alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-tocotrienol(More)
BACKGROUND Mammographic density is a strong predictor of breast cancer risk. The total amount and the metabolism of endogenous estrogens, e.g., the ratio of 2-hydroxyestrone (2-OHE(1)) and 16α-OHE(1) may influence breast cancer risk. This study examined the association of urinary estrogen metabolites with breast density in premenopausal women. METHODS(More)
Plasma samples were collected at monthly intervals for a period of 1 year from a group of healthy nonsmoking men and women (n = 21) living in Honolulu, HI. Analysis of plasma cholesterol and triglyceride levels showed marked seasonal variations, with higher mean levels in winter months and lower values in the summer. Cholesterol and triglycerides were(More)