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The human DNA mismatch repair gene homologue hMSH2, on chromosome 2p is involved in hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC). On the basis of linkage data, a second HNPCC locus was assigned to chromosome 3p21-23 (ref. 3). Here we report that a human gene encoding a protein, hMLH1 (human MutL homologue), homologous to the bacterial DNA mismatch repair(More)
The cellular organization of plant tissues is determined by patterns of cell division and growth coupled with cellular differentiation. Cells proliferate mainly via symmetric division, whereas asymmetric divisions are associated with initiation of new developmental patterns and cell types. Division planes in both symmetrically and asymmetrically dividing(More)
Plant cell shapes are defined by their surrounding walls, but microtubules and F-actin both play critical roles in cell morphogenesis by guiding the deposition of wall materials in expanding cells. Leaf epidermal cells have lobed shapes, which are thought to arise through a microtubule-dependent pattern of locally polarized growth. We have isolated a(More)
BACKGROUND In premitotic plant cells, the future division plane is predicted by a cortical ring of microtubules and F-actin called the preprophase band (PPB). The PPB persists throughout prophase, but is disassembled upon nuclear-envelope breakdown as the mitotic spindle forms. Following nuclear division, a cytokinetic phragmoplast forms between the(More)
In plant cells, the plane of division is anticipated at the onset of mitosis by the presence of a preprophase band (PPB) of microtubules and F-actin at a cortical site that circumscribes the nucleus. During cytokinesis, the microtubule- and F-actin-based phragmoplast facilitates construction of a new cell wall and is guided to the forecast division site.(More)
Polarization of cell division is essential for eukaryotic development, but little is known about how this is accomplished in plants. The formation of stomatal complexes in maize involves the polarization of asymmetric subsidiary mother cell (SMC) divisions toward the adjacent guard mother cell (GMC), apparently under the influence of a GMC-derived signal.(More)
Asymmetric cell divisions occur repeatedly during plant development, but the mechanisms by which daughter cells are directed to adopt different fates are not well understood [1,2]. Previous studies have demonstrated roles for positional information in specification of daughter cell fates following asymmetric divisions in the embryo [3] and root [4].(More)
Coexpression networks and gene regulatory networks (GRNs) are emerging as important tools for predicting functional roles of individual genes at a system-wide scale. To enable network reconstructions, we built a large-scale gene expression atlas composed of 62,547 messenger RNAs (mRNAs), 17,862 nonmodified proteins, and 6227 phosphoproteins harboring 31,595(More)
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