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This study was conducted to determine whether a cortisol surge mediates the enhanced expression of intestinal ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) in weanling pigs. Piglets were nursed by sows until 21 days of age, when 40 pigs were randomly assigned into one of four groups (10 animals/group). Group 1 continued to be fed by sows, whereas groups 2-4 were weaned to(More)
Arginine, an amino acid that is nutritionally essential for the fetus and neonate, is crucial for ammonia detoxification and the synthesis of molecules with enormous importance (including creatine, nitric oxide, and polyamines). A significant nutritional problem in preterm infants is a severe deficiency of arginine (hypoargininemia), which results in(More)
Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is expressed by uterine endometrial epithelial cells during the estrous cycle and during pregnancy in pigs, whereas KGF receptor is expressed in conceptus trophectoderm and endometrial epithelia. In particular, KGF expression in the endometrium is highest on day 12 of pregnancy. This corresponds to the period of maternal(More)
The complexity of implantation necessitates intimate dialogue between conceptus and maternal cells, and precise coordination of maternal and conceptus signalling events. Maternal and conceptus-derived steroid hormones, growth factors and cytokines, as well as integrins and their ligands, have important and inter-related roles in mediating adhesion between(More)
BACKGROUND Development of the small intestine is essential for proper nutrition of the fetus and the neonate. This investigation examines the morphogenesis and cytodifferentiation of developing fetal porcine small intestinal mucosa. METHODS Fetuses were collected from gilts after hysterectomy. Small intestinal segments were removed and processed for light(More)
Impairment of placental growth is a major factor contributing to intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) in both human pregnancy and animal production. Results of recent studies indicate that administration of L-arginine (Arg) to gestating pigs or sheep with IUGR fetuses can enhance fetal growth. However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. The(More)
The extracellular matrix protein osteopontin (OPN) is a component of histotroph that increases in uterine flushings from pregnant ewes during the peri-implantation period and is localized on the apical surfaces of the uterine luminal epithelium (LE) and conceptus trophectoderm (Tr). The potential involvement of OPN in the implantation adhesion cascade in(More)
The factors controlling growth and maturation in the porcine gastrointestinal tract are not well understood. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is a polypeptide that has been implicated in the control of gastrointestinal tract growth, maturation, and protection in other species. Immunoreactive EGF (IR-EGF) and EGF receptors (EGF-R) were histochemically(More)
This report describes proposed new models for assessment of eight of the nine clinical competencies the American Veterinary Medical Association Council on Education requires for accreditation. The models were developed by discussion groups at the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges' Clinical Competency Symposium. Clinical competencies and(More)
The effect of ingested epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the small intestinal mucosa of conventionally weaned pigs was determined. At 21 days of age, 39 pigs were randomly distributed into suckling and weaned treatment groups that were administered 124 micrograms of EGF, 372 micrograms of EGF, or the dosing compound daily. Fecal water content was determined(More)