Laurice Pouvreau

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Two novel acetyl xylan esterases, Axe2 and Axe3, from Chrysosporium lucknowense (C1), belonging to the carbohydrate esterase families 5 and 1, respectively, were purified and biochemically characterized. Axe2 and Axe3 are able to hydrolyze acetyl groups both from simple acetylated xylo-oligosaccharides and complex non-soluble acetylglucuronoxylan. Both(More)
Three ferulic acid esterases from the filamentous fungus Chrysosporium lucknowense C1 were purified and characterized. The enzymes were most active at neutral pH and temperatures up to 45 °C. All enzymes released ferulic acid and p-coumaric acid from a soluble corn fibre fraction. Ferulic acid esterases FaeA1 and FaeA2 could also release complex(More)
Isotope labelling of proteins is important for progress in the field of structural proteomics. It enables the utilisation of the power of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) for the characterisation of the three-dimensional structures and corresponding dynamical features of proteins. The usual approach to obtain isotopically labelled protein(More)
Protease inhibitors from potato juice of cv. Elkana were purified and quantified. The protease inhibitors represent ca. 50% of the total soluble proteins in potato juice. The protease inhibitors were classified into seven different families: potato inhibitor I (PI-1), potato inhibitor II (PI-2), potato cysteine protease inhibitor (PCPI), potato aspartate(More)
The gene of the most abundant protease inhibitor in potato cv. Elkana was isolated and sequenced. The deduced amino acid sequence of this gene showed 98% identity with potato serine protease inhibitor (PSPI), a member of the Kunitz family. Therefore, the most abundant protease inhibitor was considered to be one of the isoforms of PSPI. The PSPI group(More)
In order to modify the catalytic properties of trypsin, lysine-188 (S1) of the substrate binding pocket was substituted by an aromatic amino acid residue (Phe, Tyr, Trp) or by a histidyl residue. Two other mutants were obtained by displacement or elimination of the negative charge of aspartic acid-189 (K188D/D189K and G187W/K188F/D189Y, respectively). The(More)
The filamentous fungus Chrysosporium lucknowense (C1) is a rich source of cell wall degrading enzymes. In the present paper four arabinose releasing enzymes from C1 were characterized, among them one endoarabinanase, two arabinofuranosidases and one exoarabinanase. Combinations of these enzymes released up to 80% of the arabinose present in sugar beet(More)
The Clark electrode, which has been commercially available for more than 50 years, is a robust first-generation sensor originally used to determine the concentration of dissolved oxygen. This paper describes a simple experimental setup employing the Clark electrode to measure low concentrations of aqueous solutions of dissolved nitric oxide (NO) (>5nM) and(More)
The thermal unfolding of potato serine protease inhibitor (PSPI), the most abundant protease inhibitor group in potato tuber, was measured using far UV CD spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, and DSC. The results indicate that the thermal as well as the guanidinium-induced unfolding of PSPI occurs via a non-two-state mechanism in which at least one(More)
Potato serine protease inhibitor (PSPI) constitutes about 22% of the total amount of proteins in potato tubers (cv. Elkana), making it the most abundant protease inhibitor in the plant. PSPI is a heterodimeric double-headed Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor that can tightly and simultaneously bind two serine proteases by mimicking the substrate of the(More)