Lauriane Ulmann

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ATP is a known mediator of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. However, the mechanisms by which specific purinergic receptors contribute to chronic pain states are still poorly characterized. Here, we demonstrate that in response to peripheral nerve injury, P2X(4) receptors (P2X(4)R) are expressed de novo by activated microglia in the spinal cord. Using in(More)
Microglia cells are the resident macrophages of the CNS, and their activation plays a critical role in inflammatory reactions associated with many brain disorders, including ischemia, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases, and epilepsy. However, the changes of microglia functional properties in epilepsy have rarely been studied. Here, we used a model of(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a key mediator of inflammation and contributes to pain hypersensitivity by promoting sensory neurons hyperexcitability. PGE2 synthesis results from activation of a multi-step enzymatic cascade that includes cyclooxygenases (COXs), the main targets of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Although NSAIDs are widely(More)
P2X4 purinergic receptors are calcium-permeable, ATP-activated ion channels. In the CA1 area of the hippocampus, they are located at the subsynaptic membrane somewhat peripherally to AMPA receptors. The possible role of P2X4 receptors has been difficult to elucidate because of the lack of selective antagonists. Here we report the generation of a P2X4(More)
The epidermis, the outermost structure of the skin, fulfils important roles as a physical barrier between the organism and its environment and as a neuroendocrine, immune and sensory organ. It is innervated by unmyelinated sensory fibres conveying nociceptive and thermoceptive information. Little is known concerning the functional interactions between these(More)
Ligand-gated ion channels are prototypic oligomeric membrane proteins whose stoichiometry determines their functional properties and subcellular localization. Deciphering the quaternary structure of such protein complexes is an arduous task and usually requires the combination of multiple approaches. ATP-gated P2X receptors are formed by the association of(More)
Within the central nervous system, functions of the ATP-gated receptor-channel P2X4 (P2X4R) are still poorly understood, yet P2X4R activation in neurons and microglia coincides with high or pathological neuronal activities. In this study, we investigated the potential involvement of P2X4R in microglial functions in a model of kainate (KA)-induced status(More)
Hyperactivity of the glutamatergic system is involved in the development of central sensitization in the pain neuraxis, associated with allodynia and hyperalgesia observed in patients with chronic pain. Herein we study the ability of type 4 metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGlu4) to regulate spinal glutamate signaling and alleviate chronic pain. We show(More)
BACKGROUND Ivermectin (IVM) is widely used in both human and veterinary medicine to treat parasitic infections. Recent reports have suggested that IVM could also have anti-inflammatory properties. METHODS Here, we investigated the activity of IVM in a murine model of atopic dermatitis (AD) induced by repeated exposure to the allergen Dermatophagoides(More)
Elena Avignone,1,2 Lauriane Ulmann,3,4 Françoise Levavasseur,1,2 François Rassendren,3,4 and Etienne Audinat1,2 1Inserm U603, and 2Université Paris Descartes, Unité Mixte de Recherche (UMR)-S603, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) UMR 8154, 75006 Paris, France, 3CNRS UMR 5203, Institut de Génomique fonctionnelle, Universités Montpellier 1(More)