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BACKGROUND A family history of prostate cancer (PrCa) is a strong risk factor for the disease, indicating that inherited factors are important in this disease. We previously estimated that about 2% of PrCa cases diagnosed ≤ 55 years harbour a BRCA2 mutation and PrCa among BRCA2 carriers has been shown to be more aggressive, with poorer survival. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate cancer (PrCa) is one of the most common cancers affecting men but its aetiology is poorly understood. Family history of PrCa, particularly at a young age, is a strong risk factor. There have been previous reports of increased PrCa risk in male BRCA1 mutation carriers in female breast cancer families, but there is a controversy as to(More)
Although prostate cancer (PrCa) is one of the most common cancers in men in Western countries, little is known about the inherited factors that influence PrCa risk. On the basis of the fact that BRIP1/FANCJ interacts with BRCA1 and functions as a regulator of DNA double-strand break repair pathways, and that germline mutations within the BRIP1/FANCJ gene(More)
BACKGROUND The ratio of digit lengths is fixed in utero, and may be a proxy indicator for prenatal testosterone levels. METHODS We analysed the right-hand pattern and prostate cancer risk in 1524 prostate cancer cases and 3044 population-based controls. RESULTS Compared with index finger shorter than ring finger (low 2D : 4D), men with index finger(More)
BACKGROUND The germline BRCA2 mutation is associated with increased prostate cancer (PrCa) risk. We have assessed survival in young PrCa cases with a germline mutation in BRCA2 and investigated loss of heterozygosity at BRCA2 in their tumours. METHODS Two cohorts were compared: one was a group with young-onset PrCa, tested for germline BRCA2 mutations (6(More)
Exposure to ionising radiation is an established risk factor for many cancers. We conducted a case-control study to investigate whether exposure to low dose ionisation radiation from diagnostic x-ray procedures could be established as a risk factor for prostate cancer. In all 431 young-onset prostate cancer cases and 409 controls frequency matched by age(More)
BACKGROUND MSMB, a gene coding for beta-microseminoprotein, has been identified as a candidate susceptibility gene for prostate cancer (PrCa) in two genome-wide association studies (GWAS). SNP rs10993994 is 2 bp upstream of the transcription initiation site of MSMB and was identified as an associated PrCa risk variant. The MSMB protein is underexpressed in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the impact of an acute assessment unit (AAU) on length of hospital stay (LOS), emergency department (ED) waiting times, direct discharge rate, unplanned readmission rate and all-cause hospital mortality of general medical patients. DESIGN AND SETTING Retrospective comparison of data for general medical patients admitted to a tertiary(More)
Sir, We thank Cheema and Sharif (2011) for their interest in our paper. We agree that the strength of our study lies in its size, and therefore, we have been able to make reliable estimates of the association between digit ratio and prostate cancer risk. Epidemiological studies are able to estimate such relationships, but they are more limited in their(More)
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