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Towards a unified paradigm for sequence‐based identification of fungi
All fungal species represented by at least two ITS sequences in the international nucleotide sequence databases are now given a unique, stable name of the accession number type, and the term ‘species hypothesis’ (SH) is introduced for the taxa discovered in clustering on different similarity thresholds. Expand
A recent bottleneck of Y chromosome diversity coincides with a global change in culture.
A study of 456 geographically diverse high-coverage Y chromosome sequences, including 299 newly reported samples, infer a second strong bottleneck in Y-chromosome lineages dating to the last 10 ky, and hypothesize that this bottleneck is caused by cultural changes affecting variance of reproductive success among males. Expand
The genome of a Late Pleistocene human from a Clovis burial site in western Montana
The genome sequence of a male infant recovered from the Anzick burial site in western Montana is sequenced and it is shown that the gene flow from the Siberian Upper Palaeolithic Mal’ta population into Native American ancestors is also shared by the AnZick-1 individual and thus happened before 12,600 years bp. Expand
Genomic analyses inform on migration events during the peopling of Eurasia
A genetic signature in present-day Papuans that suggests that at least 2% of their genome originates from an early and largely extinct expansion of anatomically modern humans (AMHs) out of Africa earlier than 75,000 years ago is found. Expand
World survey of the genus Lepraria (Stereocaulaceae, lichenized Ascomycota)
Abstract A comparative review of 57 Lepraria species and 2 varieties is provided together with species descriptions and a key. Lecanora leuckertiana is transferred to Lepraria. In addition someExpand
Multiple Deeply Divergent Denisovan Ancestries in Papuans
High-confidence archaic haplotypes in 161 new genomes spanning 14 island groups in Island Southeast Asia and New Guinea are identified and found large stretches of DNA that are inconsistent with a single introgressing Denisovan origin, suggesting modern Papuans carry hundreds of gene variants from two deeply divergent Denisovan lineages that separated over 350 thousand years ago. Expand
Selective sweep on human amylase genes postdates the split with Neanderthals
Analysis of genetic variation in regions flanking the amylase locus supports the model of an early selective sweep in the human lineage after the split of humans from Neanderthals which led to the fixation of multiple copies of AMY1 in place of a single copy. Expand
Human Y Chromosome Haplogroup N: A Non-trivial Time-Resolved Phylogeography that Cuts across Language Families.
A number of prominent and well-defined clades with common N3a3'6 ancestry occur in regionally dissimilar northern Eurasian populations, indicating almost simultaneous regional diversification and expansion within the last 5,000 years. Expand
Effects of forest continuity and tree age on epiphytic lichen biota in coniferous forests in Estonia
Epiphytic lichen biota on Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris in Estonia was studied. Twenty-one spruce and 21 pine sample plots were located in old forests with long forest continuity, and 12 spruceExpand
Extensive Farming in Estonia Started through a Sex-Biased Migration from the Steppe
The findings suggest that the shift to intensive cultivation and animal husbandry in Estonia was triggered by the arrival of new people with predominantly Steppe ancestry but whose ancestors had undergone sex-specific admixture with early farmers with Anatolian ancestry. Expand