Lauri J. Pelliniemi

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Human major histocompatibility complex class I allele HLA-B27 is associated with a group of diseases called spondyloarthropathies. In reactive arthritis (ReA), the disease is triggered by certain infections, e.g. gastroenteritis caused by Salmonella. The host/microbe interaction is abnormal in susceptible individuals leading to inefficient elimination of(More)
The localization of type IV collagen alpha 1-alpha 5 chains in the differentiating rat testis and ovary was studied by immunocytochemistry. The initial formation of the testis and ovary included the appearance of collagen alpha 1/alpha 2(IV) chains in the gonadal blastemas. Upon further differentiation of the epithelia of the gonads alpha 1/alpha 2(IV)(More)
Endogenous androgens (androstenedione, testosterone, 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone and 5 alpha-androstane-3 alpha,17 beta-diol), and some of their C21 precursors (pregnenolone, progesterone and 17-hydroxyprogesterone) were measured in rat testes between Day 18.5 of pregnancy and Day 64 postpartum, and correlated with numerical densities of Leydig cells. The(More)
The expression of cytokeratin and vimentin type intermediate filaments were studied in fetal, postnatal, and adult rat testes. Immunocytochemical observations were correlated with the light and electron microscopic analysis of the developing organs. The Sertoli cell precursors in 15-day-old fetal testes contained both cytokeratin and vimentin. A gradual(More)
The three-dimensional structure of the eye plays an important role in providing a correct optical environment for vision. Much of this function is dependent on the unique structural features of ocular connective tissue, especially of the collagen types and their supramolecular structures. For example, the organization of collagen fibrils is largely(More)
The transformation of the endocardial cushion into valves and septa is a critical step in cardiac morphogenesis as it initiates the development of the four-chambered heart. This transformation results from a region-specific balance between cellular proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. The development of the form and structure of the endocardial(More)
The bone morphogenetic proteins BMP-2 and BMP-4 and the homeobox gene MSX-2 are required for normal development of many embryonic tissues. To elucidate their possible roles during the remodeling of the tubular heart into a fully septated four-chambered heart, we have localized the mRNA of Bmp-2, Bmp-4, Msx-2 and apoptotic cells in the developing mouse heart(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 16 (CDK16, PCTK1) is a poorly characterized protein kinase, highly expressed in the testis and the brain. Here, we report that CDK16 is activated by membrane-associated cyclin Y (CCNY). Treatment of transfected human cells with the protein kinase A (PKA) activator forskolin blocked, while kinase inhibition promoted, CCNY-dependent(More)
Human vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is a dual-function molecule with adhesive and enzymatic properties. In addition to synthesis in endothelial cells, where it mediates lymphocyte binding, VAP-1 is expressed in smooth muscle cells. Here we studied the expression, biochemical structure, and function of VAP-1 in muscle cells and compared it to those in(More)
In an attempt to understand the etiology of intersexuality in pigs, we thoroughly analyzed the gonads of 38,XX (SRY negative) female to male sex-reversed animals at different developmental stages: during fetal life [50 and 70 days postcoitum (dpc)], just after birth [35 days postpartum (dpp)] and during adulthood. For each animal studied, we performed(More)