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Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is an inflammation-inducible endothelial glycoprotein which mediates leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions. To study the pathogenetic significance of VAP-1 in inflammatory disorders, an in vivo immunodetection method was used to detect the regulation of luminally expressed VAP-1 in experimental skin and joint(More)
To investigate whether aspiration of meconium induces a hemodynamic and histologic pulmonary response similar to that frequently seen in experimental acute respiratory distress syndrome, twelve 10-week-old pigs with postnatally adapted lungs were studied. Six 10-week-old pigs received 3 ml/kg 20% human meconium via the endotracheal tube. Six control pigs of(More)
Severe neonatal aspiration of meconium is frequently complicated by fatal pulmonary hypertension. The protective effect of an i.v. bolus of methylprednisolone on meconium aspiration-induced hypertensive lung injury was studied in anesthetized pigs with adapted lung circulation. Eleven 10-wk-old pigs received 3 mL/kg 20% human meconium via the endotracheal(More)
To investigate the effects of aspirating different meconium concentrations on the pulmonary circulation in 10- to 12-day-old piglets, 30 catheterized animals were studied. The piglets received an intratracheal bolus of 3 ml/kg of a mixture of human meconium in saline with concentrations of 20 mg/ml (light, n = 7), 40 mg/ml (moderate, n = 6), or 65 mg/ml(More)
BACKGROUND Meconium aspiration-induced hypertensive lung injury has been associated with neuronal damage in the newborn, but the mechanisms of the injury are poorly known. AIMS The aim of the study was to determine the contribution of oxidative stress to the brain damage after pulmonary meconium contamination. STUDY DESIGN Sixteen anesthetized and(More)
To investigate the pulmonary effects of steroid treatment in neonates with meconium aspiration, 25 10- to 12-d-old piglets were studied for 6 h after an intratracheal bolus of human meconium. Dexamethasone (0.5 mg/kg) was given in two treatment schedules, either 1 h before (n = 6) or 1 h after meconium instillation (n = 8). Eight piglets served as controls.(More)
Renal cortical tissue gas tensions, systemic oxygen supply and some features of energy metabolism and central hemodynamics were recorded in splenectomized dogs during graded hemorrhage and subsequent reinfusion of shed blood. Renal cortical partial pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide responded rapidly to changes in blood volume and cardiac output. Lowest(More)
Central and renal hemodynamics, renal cortical and medullary oxygen tension, and renal lactate metabolism were investigated in hemorrhagic shock in dogs. During graded hemorrhage, renal tissue PO2 decreased in parallel with renal blood flow, whereas renal lactate uptake remained virtually unchanged. During shock, below a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 72(More)
OBJECTIVE alpha 2-adrenergic agonists decrease central sympathetic outflow and maintain normal transmural myocardial blood flow distribution, but intravenous bolus doses of these agents can also induce excessive coronary vasoconstriction and myocardial ischemia. The hypothesis of the present study was that a rapid intravenous bolus of dexmedetomidine, a(More)
To investigate the pulmonary haemodynamic effects of meconium aspiration and subsequent adenosine triphosphate (ATP) treatment, 12 anaesthetized and ventilated pigs (wt 24-28 kg) received either ATP or an equal volume of saline into the right heart in doses of 0.02 to 0.80 mumol kg-1 min-1 after intratracheal administration of 2 mL kg-1 of human meconium.(More)