Learn More
BACKGROUND Comprehensive, multi-level approaches are required to address obesity. One important target for intervention is the economic domain. The purpose of this study was to synthesize existing evidence regarding the impact of economic policies targeting obesity and its causal behaviours (diet, physical activity), and to make specific recommendations for(More)
In order to determine what types of neurons in the striatum receive direct synaptic input from corticostriatal and thalamostriatal fibres and whether these afferents converge on individual striatal neurons, double anterograde labelling of axon terminals was combined with Golgi impregnation at both the light and electron microscopic levels. The area of the(More)
The worldwide increase in obesity has spurred numerous efforts to understand the regulation of eating behaviours and underlying brain mechanisms. These mechanisms can affordably be studied via neurobehavioural measures. Here, we systematically review these efforts, evaluating neurocognitive tests and personality questionnaires based on: (a) consistent(More)
It is proposed that the emotional triggers of comfort food consumption can reliably be predicted by factors tied to affect asymmetry whereby negative affects dominate one's experience, decision making and behaviors in some instances while positive emotions prevail in others. Specifically, we relate three of these factors (age, gender, and culture) to(More)
The distribution of monoamine (MA)-containing nerve cell bodies in the brain stem of the chicken (Gallus domesticus) was studied by means of paraformaldehyde and glyoxylic acid fluorescent histochemical methods. The MA neurons were further characterized morphologically and histochemically in material prepared for the demonstration of acetylcholinesterase(More)
In order to investigate the neuronal populations projecting to the corpus striatum in the brain of a urodele, Triturus cristatus, horseradish peroxidase (HRP) retrograde labeling was used in parallel with anterograde degeneration, glyoxylic acid histofluorescence and behavioral testing. Striatal injections of HRP revealed that the main striatal afferent(More)
Pain management is still an unresolved issue among the general elderly patient population in institutions. It is proposed that everyday emotion regulation (i.e. self-supporting maintenance or change in positive and negative emotions) performed by hospitalized elderly can help reduce pain intensity. This argument is based on (1) robust evidence in life span(More)
In a field study, 355 French-Canadian adults (Caucasians; 119 men, 236 women; average age of 40) freely stated the food item they liked and disliked the most, the reasons for their attitude and the context of their last consumption of these two food items. Content analysis revealed that the origins of food likes and dislikes are at the same time very(More)
This paper presents our work-in-progress on designing and implementing an integrated ontology for widespread knowledge dissemination in the domain of obesity with emphasis on childhood obesity. The COPE ontology aims to support a knowledge-based infrastructure to promote healthy eating habits and lifestyles, analyze children's behaviors and habits(More)