Laurent Volpon

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Plipastatins A and B are antifungal antibiotics belonging to a family of lipopeptides capable of inhibiting phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) and are biosynthesised under certain circumstances by Bacillus subtilis. U-(15)N plipastatins A and B were obtained from cultures of the strain NCIB 8872 on a Landy medium modified for stable-isotope labelling by the(More)
The NMR structure of the cyclic lipopeptide surfactin from Bacillus subtilis was determined in sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micellar solution. The two negatively charged side chains of surfactin form a polar head opposite to most hydrophobic side chains, accounting for its amphiphilic nature and its strong surfactant properties. Disorder was observed around(More)
Delta-conotoxin EVIA, from Conus ermineus, is a 32-residue polypeptide cross-linked by three disulfide bonds forming a four-loop framework. delta-Conotoxin EVIA is the first conotoxin known to inhibit sodium channel inactivation in neuronal membranes from amphibians and mammals (subtypes rNa(v)1.2a, rNa(v)1.3, and rNa(v)1.6), without affecting rat skeletal(More)
Previous NMR studies on surfactin proposed two gamma or beta-turn-containing conformers while recent CD studies described beta-sheets and alpha-helices in surfactin. Since these data were not obtained in the same conditions, the conformation of surfactin was reinvestigated by FTIR spectroscopy, a diagnostic method for beta-sheets. In trifluoroethanol, the(More)
Glycosylated polyene macrolide antibiotics, as nystatins and amphotericins, are amphiphilic structures known to exert antifungal activity by disrupting the fungal cell membrane, leading to leakage of cellular materials, and cell death. This membrane disruption is strongly influenced by the presence and the exact nature of the membrane sterols. The solution(More)
The solution structure of filipin III, an antifungal polyene macrolide biosynthesized by Streptomyces filipinensis and widely used for the detection and the quantitation of cholesterol in biomembranes, has been calculated with a set of geometrical restraints derived from 1H NMR in DMSO-d(6) at 25 degrees C. Filipin III appears as a rod-shaped molecule of 18(More)
Iturins are a group of antifungal produced by Bacillus subtilis. All are cyclic lipopeptides with seven alpha-amino acids of configuration LDDLLDL and one beta-amino fatty acid. The bacillomycin L is a member of this family and its NMR structure was previously resolved using the sequence Asp-Tyr-Asn-Ser-Gln-Ser-Thr. In this work, we carefully examined the(More)
The antifungal antibiotic lipopeptide bacillomycin L [cyclo-(L-Asp1-D-Tyr2-D-Asn3-L-Ser4-L-Gln5-D-Ser6++ +-L-Thr7-beta-amino fatty acid)] from Bacillus subtilis belongs to the iturinic family of antifungal agents and acts with a strict sterol-phospholipid dependence on biomembranes. This antibiotic has been analysed using solution NMR spectroscopy in its(More)
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