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7-Ethyl-10[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino] carbonyloxy-camptothecin (CPT-11), a DNA topoisomerase I inhibitor, undergoes several metabolic pathways to generate conjugated and unconjugated derivatives that could be excreted from the body. The objective of this study was to determine the oxidative metabolites of CPT-11 recovered in human urine samples and to(More)
To assess the safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of febuxostat in subjects with normal renal function or renal impairment, febuxostat (80 mg/d) was orally administered for 7 days to subjects with normal renal function (n = 11, CLcr >80 mL/min/1.73 m) or to subjects with mild (n = 6, CLcr 50-80 mL/min/1.73 m), moderate (n = 7, CLcr 30-49(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the antitumour activity and safety profile of irinotecan and its pharmacokinetic interactions with anticonvulsants in patients with glioblastoma multiforme. PATIENTS AND METHODS This multicentre phase II and pharmacokinetic study investigated the effects of irinotecan 350 mg/m(2) given as a 90-min infusion every 3 weeks either prior(More)
OBJECTIVE Gout affects approximately 1-2% of the American population. Current options for treating hyperuricemia in chronic gout are limited. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of febuxostat, a nonpurine selective inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, in establishing normal serum urate (sUA) concentrations in gout patients with(More)
Irinotecan (CPT-11) is a water-soluble analogue of camptothecin showing activity in colon cancer. Recently, we identified a major metabolite of CPT-11 in patients' plasma, 7-ethyl-10-[4-N-(5-aminopentanoic acid)-1-piperidino] carbonyloxycamptothecin (APC), which is produced by the oxidation of the distal piperidine ring (P. Rivory et al, Cancer Res., 56:(More)
PURPOSE To define the maximum-tolerated dose, recommended phase II dose (RD), dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), and pharmacokinetics of a novel taxane, RPR 109881A, administered on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-nine patients were enrolled and treated according to a modified continual reassessment method from a starting dose of(More)
To evaluate the effect of febuxostat on the pharmacokinetics of indomethacin and naproxen and vice versa, 2 multiple-dose, 3-period crossover studies were performed in healthy subjects. In study 1, subjects received febuxostat 80 mg once daily, indomethacin 50 mg twice daily, or both. In study 2, subjects received febuxostat 80 mg, naproxen 500 mg twice(More)
BACKGROUND Febuxostat is a novel non-purine selective inhibitor of xanthine oxidase currently being developed for the management of hyperuricemia in patients with gout. OBJECTIVE To investigate the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety of febuxostat over a range of oral doses in healthy subjects. METHODS In a phase I, dose-escalation study,(More)
To assess the effect of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of febuxostat at steady state, multiple once-daily 80-mg oral doses of febuxostat were administered to subjects with normal hepatic function and to subjects with mild or moderate hepatic impairment. There were no statistically significant differences in the(More)
To determine the dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of irinotecan and raltitrexed given as sequential short infusions every 3 weeks, 33 patients with pretreated gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma (31 colorectal, 2 oesophagogastric) entered this open label dose-escalation study. For the first five dose levels patients received(More)