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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical benefit of increasing the osmotic load of the hypertonic solution administered for the treatment of refractory intracranial hypertension episodes in patients with severe head injury. DESIGN Prospective, randomized study. SETTINGS A trauma center in a university hospital. PATIENTS Twenty consecutive patients with head(More)
BACKGROUND The potential adverse effects of ketamine in neurosurgical anesthesia have been well established and involve increased intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral blood flow. However, reexamination of ketamine is warranted because data regarding the effects of ketamine on cerebral hemodynamics are conflicting. METHODS Eight patients with traumatic(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the patterns of evolution of two proinflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-alpha and interleukin-6 [IL-6]) in two major clinical entities associated with systemic inflammatory response: septic shock and multiple trauma (with and without hemorrhagic shock). DESIGN Prospective study of two cohorts of patients. SETTING(More)
UNLABELLED The objective of the current study is to compare the use of a nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) to a high-flow humidified nasal cannula (HFNC) in infants with acute bronchiolitis, who were admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) during two consecutive seasons. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all(More)
OBJECTIVE Regional guideline for immediate tracheal suctioning (ITS) in vigorous and non-vigorous infants born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) has been established in 2003. The objective of this study was to evaluate guideline application. STUDY DESIGN Prospective cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS The first part of the study was a short survey(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether extended use (7 days) would affect the efficiency on heat and water preservation of a hydrophobic condenser humidifier as well as the rate of ventilation-acquired pneumonia, compared with 1 day of use. DESIGN Prospective, controlled, randomized, not blinded, clinical study. SETTING Twelve-bed intensive care unit of a(More)
Candida lusitaniae is an emerging opportunistic pathogen which exhibits an unusual antifungal susceptibility pattern. We describe a case of fatal renal infection due to C. lusitaniae in a very low birth weight neonate who was treated with short courses of fluconazole given alternately with amphotericin B. A colony morphology switching was detected on the(More)
OBJECTIVE Complications following ventilation with dry and cold gases may be prevented by the use of artificial noses or heat and moisture exchangers, which are a solution to both the problems of humidification and heat preservation. The aim of the present study was to determine whether changing hydrophobic heat and moisture exchangers (HMEs) every 48 h(More)
OBJECTIVE Many heat and moisture exchangers with filter (HMEF) have been developed. In-house data from companies provide some information about their performances; unfortunately, to our knowledge, no comparative evaluation in clinical conditions has been undertaken of these newer products. The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency of two HMEFs,(More)