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We analyze experimentally chemical wave propagation in the disordered flow field of a porous medium. The reaction fronts travel at a constant velocity that drastically depends on the mean flow direction and rate. The fronts may propagate either downstream and upstream but, surprisingly, they remain static over a range of flow rate values. Resulting from the(More)
We introduce a model that allows for the prediction of the permeability of self-affine rough channels (one-dimensional fracture) and two-dimensional fractures over a wide range of apertures. In the lubrication approximation, the permeability shows three different scaling regimes. For fractures with a large mean aperture or an aperture small enough to the(More)
The extension of a gravity current in a lock-exchange problem, proceeds as square root of time in the viscous-buoyancy phase, where there is a balance between gravitational and viscous forces. In the presence of particles however, this scenario is drastically altered, because sedimentation reduces the motive gravitational force and introduces a finite(More)
Simulating flow of a Bingham fluid in porous media still remains a challenging task as the yield stress may significantly alter the numerical stability and precision. We present a Lattice-Boltzmann TRT scheme that allows the resolution of this type of flow in stochastically reconstructed porous media. LB methods have an intrinsic error associated to the(More)
This work focuses on the numerical solution of the Stokes-Brinkman equation for a voxel-type porous-media grid, resolved by one to eight spacings per permeability contrast of 1 to 10 orders in magnitude. It is first analytically demonstrated that the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) and the linear-finite-element method (FEM) both suffer from the viscosity(More)
Reaction fronts evolving in a porous medium exhibit a rich dynamical behavior. In the presence of an adverse flow, experiments show that the front slows down and eventually gets pinned, displaying a particular sawtooth shape. Extensive numerical simulations of the hydrodynamic equations confirm the experimental observations. Here we propose a stylized(More)
We report on numerical studies of avalanches of an autocatalytic reaction front in a porous medium. The front propagation is controlled by an adverse flow resulting in upstream, static, or downstream regimes. In an earlier study focusing on front shape, we identified three different universality classes associated with this system by following the front(More)
A viscous lock-exchange gravity current corresponds to the reciprocal exchange of two fluids of different densities in a horizontal channel. The resulting front between the two fluids spreads as the square root of time, with a diffusion coefficient reflecting the buoyancy, viscosity, and geometrical configuration of the current. On the other hand, an(More)
Autocatalytic reactions may propagate as solitary waves, namely, at a constant front velocity and with a stationary concentration profile, resulting from a balance between molecular diffusion and chemical reaction. When the reaction is exothermic, a thermal wave is linked to the chemical front. As the thermal diffusivity is nearly two orders of magnitude(More)
We investigate experimentally the sweeping of a nonwetting fluid by a wetting one in a quasi-two-dimensional porous medium consisting of random obstacles. We focus primarily on the resulting phase distributions and the residual nonwetting phase saturation as a function of the normalized wetting fluid flow rate-the capillary number Ca-at steady state. The(More)