Laurent Nicolet

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BACKGROUND Large studies on severe imported malaria in non-endemic industrialized countries are lacking. We sought to describe the clinical spectrum of severe imported malaria in French adults and to identify risk factors for mortality at admission to the intensive care unit. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Retrospective review of severe Plasmodium(More)
The acute administration of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor captopril to healthy subjects transiently increases 5.5-fold the plasma levels of a natural stem-cell regulator, N-acetyl-seryl-aspartyl-lysyl-proline (Ac-SDKP). The aim of this study was to measure plasma Ac-SDKP levels during chronic treatment with all types of ACE inhibitors(More)
The hemoregulatory peptide Acetyl-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro (AcSDKP) has been reported to accumulate in plasma and urine after the oral administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in humans. It is unknown whether such an accumulation also occurs in tissues. We administered captopril (3, 10, or 30 mg/kg) orally for 2 weeks to Wistar rats. In a(More)
BACKGROUND Splanchnic ischemia plays a major role in the development of organ failure during septic shock. Plasma D-lactate has been proposed as a better marker of splanchnic hypoperfusion than L-lactate. We studied the prognostic ability of plasma D- and L-lactate levels. METHODS A prospective study was performed in an intensive care unit and included(More)
Variability of blood pressure responses to inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system is influenced by factors inherent in the patient, such as renin status, and by drug-specific factors, such as pharmacokinetics. The pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic interactions of two doses of candesartan cilexetil, which is an ester prodrug of the insurmountable(More)