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BACKGROUND Nivolumab was associated with higher rates of objective response than chemotherapy in a phase 3 study involving patients with ipilimumab-refractory metastatic melanoma. The use of nivolumab in previously untreated patients with advanced melanoma has not been tested in a phase 3 controlled study. METHODS We randomly assigned 418 previously(More)
BACKGROUND The immune checkpoint inhibitor ipilimumab is the standard-of-care treatment for patients with advanced melanoma. Pembrolizumab inhibits the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint and has antitumor activity in patients with advanced melanoma. METHODS In this randomized, controlled, phase 3 study, we assigned 834 patients with advanced(More)
The Sicily Channel connects the western and eastern Mediterranean sub-basins, playing a fundamental role in the dynamics of the Mediterranean circulation. The flow in the Channel is driven by direct forcing such as wind and by thermohaline processes leading to density difference between the two sub-basins. Assessing the relative role of these two types of(More)
Background: Therapies for aBCC, which includes metastatic (m) and locally advanced (la) BCC, are limited. Abnormal Hedgehog pathway signaling is a key driver in BCC pathogenesis. Primary analysis of the pivotal ERIVANCE BCC trial of vismodegib, an oral Hedgehog pathway inhibitor (HPI), demonstrated an objective response rate (ORR) by independent review of(More)
Vemurafenib/PLX4032, a selective inhibitor of mutant BRAFV600E, constitutes a paradigm shift in melanoma therapy. Unfortunately, acquired resistance, which unavoidably occurs, represents one major limitation to clinical responses. Recent studies have highlighted that vemurafenib activated oxidative metabolism in BRAFV600E melanomas expressing PGC1α.(More)
The death of dendritic cells (DCs) can potentially influence immune responses by affecting the duration of DC stimulation of lymphocytes. Here, we report that cultured mature monocyte-derived DCs manifest early mitochondrial damage (i.e. within 24 hrs), characterized by mitochondrial membrane potential (psi Delta m) disruption and mitochondrial release of(More)
Lamellarin D (LamD) is a marine alkaloid with broad spectrum antitumor activities. Multiple intracellular targets of LamD, which affect cancer cell growth and induce apoptosis, have been identified. These include nuclear topoisomerase I, relevant kinases (such as cyclin-dependent kinase 2) and the mitochondrial electron transport chain. While we have(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the outcome after adjuvant radiation therapy with standard fractionation regimen in metastatic lymph nodes (LN) from cutaneous melanoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS 86 successive patients (57 men) were treated for locally advanced melanoma in our institution. 60 patients (69%) underwent LN dissection followed by radiation therapy (RT), while(More)
Mild heat stress can modulate the activities of immune cells, including dendritic cells (DC) and theoretically, would constitute an innovative approach capable of enhancing the antitumor functions of DC. Therefore, we tested the effects of mild heat stress on the physiology and viability of human monocyte-derived DC, the major type of DC used in tumor(More)