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The androgen receptor (AR) is a ligand-responsive transcription factor known to play a central role in the pathogenesis of prostate cancer. However, the regulation of AR gene expression in the normal and pathological prostate remains poorly understood. This study focuses on the effect of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase)/Akt axis on AR expression(More)
Androgens are known to modulate many cellular processes such as cell growth and survival by binding to the androgen receptor (AR) and activating the transcription of target genes. Recent data suggested that AR can also mediate non-transcriptional actions outside the nucleus in addition to its ligand-inducible transcription factor function. Here, we describe(More)
Radiation therapy plays a central role in the treatment of glioblastoma, but it is not curative due to the high tumor radioresistance. Phosphatidyl-inositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (Akt) and Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathways serve to block the apoptosis process, keeping cells alive in very toxic(More)
The proto-oncoprotein Cbl is known to control several signaling processes. It is highly expressed in the testis, and because spermatogenesis is androgen dependent, we investigated the androgen dependency expression of Cbl through its testicular sub-localization and its expression levels in rats that were exposed to the antiandrogen flutamide or were(More)
In the male, androgens promote growth and differentiation of sex reproductive organs through ligand activation of the androgen receptor (AR). Here, we show that androgens are not major actors of the cell cycle arrest associated with the differentiation process, and that the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-mediated signalling interferes with AR activities to(More)
Vas deferens epithelial cell subcultures were used to study the sequential regulation of jun/fos proto-oncogene expression and AP1 activities during cell proliferation, polarization and androgen-induced expression of a terminal differentiation marker, i. e. the mvdp gene. Proliferation of epithelial cells is associated with a high expression in the nucleus(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is secreted in great quantity in prostatic tumoral glandular tissue with a significant higher rate in hormono-refractory phase. Importance of IL-6 dependent mechanism in prostate cancer progression is well argued. IL-6 seems to be implicated in androgen receptor activation in lack of steroid ligand, apoptosis decrease and increase of(More)
Liver X receptors (LXR) are members of the nuclear receptor family. As activated transcription factors, their putative association with human diseases makes them promising pharmacological targets because of the large potential to develop ligands. LXR are mainly considered as intracellular cholesterol "sensors" whose activation leads to decreased plasma(More)
Radiotherapy is an essential component of glioma standard treatment. Glioblastomas (GBM), however, display an important radioresistance leading to tumor recurrence. To improve patient prognosis, there is a need to radiosensitize GBM cells and to circumvent the mechanisms of resistance caused by interactions between tumor cells and their microenvironment.(More)
The promotion and progression of prostate cancer (PCa) are associated with androgen receptor (AR) signalling. AR functions are modulated by a variety of co-factors amongst which we identified the nucleophosmin (NPM/B23), a member of the histone chaperone family. Here, we show that NPM is overexpressed in PCa compared to normal adjacent tissues. AR and NPM(More)