Laurent Martin

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The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) is a distinct phenotype in colorectal cancer, associated with specific clinical, pathologic, and molecular features. However, most of the studies stratified methylation according to two subgroups (CIMP-High versus No-CIMP/CIMP-Low). In our study, we defined three different subgroups of methylation (No-CIMP,(More)
To assess at admission to the ICU the relationship between optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and intracranial pressure (ICP) and to investigate whether increased ONSD at patient admission is associated with raised ICP in the first 48 h after trauma. Prospective, blind, observational study in a surgical critical care unit, level 1 trauma center. 31 adult(More)
Solid Cell Nests (SCN) of the thyroid gland were considered as embryonic remnants or as squamous metaplasia of follicular epithelium. In a retrospective study of 1 390 thyroids, SCN were found in 9.7 % of thyroids (16 % men and 8 % women, chi(2) : p <0, 01). The number of SCN rises with increasing number of sections examined. No statistical differences were(More)
In colorectal carcinoma, extensive gene promoter hypermethylation is called the CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP). Explaining why studies on CIMP and survival yield conflicting results is essential. Most experiments to measure DNA methylation rely on the sodium bisulfite conversion of unmethylated cytosines into uracils. No study has evaluated the(More)
LMX1B encodes a homeodomain-containing transcription factor that is essential during development. Mutations in LMX1B cause nail-patella syndrome, characterized by dysplasia of the patellae, nails, and elbows and FSGS with specific ultrastructural lesions of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). By linkage analysis and exome sequencing, we unexpectedly(More)
Intracranial hemorrhage in patients receiving oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy is associated with poor neurological outcome. Prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) is the gold–standard therapy to normalize hemostasis but remains underused. Ultra-rapid reversal of anticoagulation could reduce the time to biological and surgical hemostasis, and might improve(More)
The folate availability seems to be critical for the DNA integrity since it is required for the transfer of methyl groups in the biosynthesis of thymidilate. Although the excessive incorporation of uracils to the DNA can be efficiently removed, this mechanism of reparation produces many double-strand breaks from two opposing nicks. Several chromosomal(More)
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disease with a complex pathogenesis. As in many B cell-related autoimmune diseases, rituximab (RTX) has been shown to increase platelet counts in some ITP patients. From an immunologic standpoint, the mode of action of RTX and the reasons underlying its limited efficacy have yet to be elucidated. Because(More)
AIM To assess the role of lactate as a precursor for butyrate biosynthesis in human colonic microflora. METHODS AND RESULTS Three human faecal microfloras were incubated in vitro with media supplemented with 30 mmol l(-1) unenriched or 13C-enriched lactate. Lactate metabolism and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production were quantified. Lactate conversion(More)
Antiplatelet-antibody-producing B cells play a key role in immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) pathogenesis; however, little is known about T-cell dysregulations that support B-cell differentiation. During the past decade, T follicular helper cells (TFHs) have been characterized as the main T-cell subset within secondary lymphoid organs that promotes B-cell(More)