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Nuclear receptors (NRs) are transcription factors that are implicated in several biological processes such as embryonic development, homeostasis, and metabolic diseases. To study the role of NRs in development, it is critically important to know when and where individual genes are expressed. Although systematic expression studies using reverse transcriptase(More)
Thyroid hormone (T(3)) induces gene regulation programs necessary for tadpole metamorphosis. Among the earliest responses to T(3) are the up-regulation of T(3) receptor beta (TRbeta; autoinduction) and BTEB1 (basic transcription element-binding protein 1). BTEB1 is a member of the Krüppel family of transcription factors that bind to GC-rich regions in gene(More)
Thyroid hormone (TH) plays a causative role in anuran metamorphosis. This effect is presumed to be manifested through the regulation of gene expression by TH receptors (TRs). TRs can act as both activators and repressors of a TH-inducible gene depending upon the presence and absence of TH, respectively. We have been investigating the roles of TRs during(More)
Spatial genome organization and its effect on transcription remains a fundamental question. We applied an advanced chromatin interaction analysis by paired-end tag sequencing (ChIA-PET) strategy to comprehensively map higher-order chromosome folding and specific chromatin interactions mediated by CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) and RNA polymerase II (RNAPII)(More)
There is increasing evidence that the thyroid hormone (TH) receptors (THRs) can play a role in aging, cancer and degenerative diseases. In this paper, we demonstrate that binding of TH T3 (triiodothyronine) to THRB induces senescence and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage in cultured cells and in tissues of young hyperthyroid mice. T3 induces a rapid(More)
Amphibian metamorphosis is a well-established model for dissecting the mechanisms underlying thyroid hormone (TH) action. How the pro-hormone, T(4), the active form, T(3), the deiodinases and the nuclear receptors (TRs) contribute to metamorphosis in Xenopus has been extensively investigated. Our recent work has concentrated on two key ideas in TH(More)
BACKGROUND ChIP-Seq and ChIP-PET can potentially be used with any genome for genome wide profiling of protein-DNA interaction sites. Unfortunately, it is probable that most genome assemblies will never reach the quality of the human genome assembly. Therefore, it remains to be determined whether ChIP-Seq and ChIP-PET are practicable with genome sequences(More)
The ability of cells to bind to nylon fibers coated with lectin molecules interspaced with varying numbers of albumin molecules has been analyzed. The cells used were lymphoma cells, normal lymphocytes, myeloid leukemia cells, and normal and transformed fibroblasts, and the fibers were coated with different densities of concanavalin A or the lectins from(More)
T3 effects on myosin heavy chain gene expression were analysed in muscles undergoing different fates during metamorphosis. Muscle fate was followed by somatic gene transfer of a constitutively expressed luciferase vector. Persistent expression was found in dorsal muscle which is remodelled during metamorphosis whilst the signal disappeared in apoptosing(More)