Laurent M. Mugnier

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Classical adaptive optics (AO) is now a widespread technique for high-resolution imaging with astronomical ground-based telescopes. It generally uses simple and efficient control algorithms. Multiconjugate adaptive optics (MCAO) is a more recent and very promising technique that should extend the corrected field of view. This technique has not yet been(More)
Deconvolution is a necessary tool for the exploitation of a number of imaging instruments. We describe a deconvolution method developed in a Bayesian framework in the context of imaging through turbulence with adaptive optics. This method uses a noise model that accounts for both photonic and detector noises. It additionally contains a regularization term(More)
We propose a novel method called marginal estimator for estimating the aberrations and the object from phase-diversity data. The conventional estimator found in the literature concerning the technique first proposed by Gonsalves has its basis in a joint estimation of the aberrated phase and the observed object. By means of simulations, we study the behavior(More)
Small-angle coronagraphy is technically and scientifically appealing because it enables the use of smaller telescopes, allows covering wider wavelength ranges, and potentially increases the yield and completeness of circumstellar environment – exoplanets and disks – detection and characterization campaigns. However, opening up this new parameter space is(More)
We propose an optimal approach for the phase reconstruction in a large field of view (FOV) for multiconjugate adaptive optics. This optimal approach is based on a minimum-mean-square-error estimator that minimizes the mean residual phase variance in the FOV of interest. It accounts for the C2n profile in order to optimally estimate the correction wave front(More)
The discovery of extrasolar planets is one of the greatest achievements of modern astronomy. The detection of planets that vary widely in mass demonstrates that extrasolar planets of low mass exist. In this paper, we describe a mission, called Darwin, whose primary goal is the search for, and characterization of, terrestrial extrasolar planets and the(More)
Current optical interferometers are affected by unknown turbulent phases on each telescope. We account for this lack of phase information by introducing system aberration parameters, and we solve the image reconstruction problem by minimizing an original joint criterion in the aberrations and in the object. We validate this method by means of simulations.(More)
The phase diversity technique is studied as a wave-front sensor to be implemented with widely extended sources. The wave-front phase expanded on the Zernike polynomials is estimated from a pair of images (in focus and out of focus) by use of a maximum-likelihood approach. The propagation of the photon noise in the images on the estimated phase is derived(More)
We propose the linearized focal-plane technique (LIFT) and compare it to classical sensors, such as the quad-cell wavefront sensor (WFS), pyramid WFS, and Shack-Hartmann WFS. The number of modes sensed by LIFT can be tuned without any hardware modification nor degradation of low-order sensing performance. We derive an analytic model of the noise propagation(More)